According to the World Health Organization (WHO), diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not secrete enough insulin or when the body does not produce insulin effectively.
The importance of this hormone lies in the fact that it is responsible for controlling the concentration of glucose in the blood, that is, glycemia. “A common effect of uncontrolled diabetes is hyperglycemia (i.e., elevated blood glucose), which over time Severely damages many organs and systems of the body, especially nerves and blood vessels”, notes WHO on its website.
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia states that people with diabetes have high blood sugar because their bodies cannot move sugar from the blood into muscle and fat cells to be burned or stored as energy.
Another scenario occurs when the liver produces too much glucose and secretes it into the blood. In this case, there are two reasons: the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, the cells do not respond normally to insulin, or both conditions are met.
To understand how this condition behaves and what is the most effective treatment for it, it is first necessary to identify what type of diabetes you have. For this reason, it is essential to see a health professional, so that the patient can be directed to an accurate diagnosis.
- type 1 diabetes: characterized by insufficient insulin production and requiring daily administration of this hormone.
- diabetes type 2: It occurs due to ineffective use of insulin by the body. More than 95% of people with diabetes have type 2, which is largely due to being overweight and physical inactivity.
- gestational diabetesHyperglycemia: Occurs during pregnancy and corresponds to hyperglycemia values that, although higher than normal, are lower than those established for the diagnosis of diabetes.
Diabetes is a chronic disease, that is, of long duration. Its symptoms differ according to the type and characteristics of each person. In addition, it is accompanied by several health risks. Therefore, taking care of them is necessary to prevent future complications.Eye problems, ulcers and lower limb infections, damage to nerves in the body, kidney problems, weakened immune system, and an increased chance of having a heart attack or stroke.
basic diabetes care
With the arrival of 2023, many people are motivated to take care of their health, thus fulfilling one of the most common New Year’s resolutions. According to a MedlinePlus review, “Treatment for type 1 and type 2 diabetes includes nutrition, activity, and medications to control blood sugar.,
Similarly, “achieving better control of blood sugar, cholesterol and blood pressure levels helps reduce the risk of kidney disease, eye disease, nervous system disease, heart attack and stroke,” adds the aforementioned portal. .
For its part, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) shares some tips for people with diabetes to take care of their condition:
1. Monitor blood sugar levels
Get an A1C test regularly to track your average blood glucose level (every three months).
2. Quit Smoking
According to the NIDDK, abstaining from smoking is especially important for people with diabetes because both smoking and diabetes reduce the diameter of blood vessels. The narrowing of the blood vessels forces the heart to work harder.,
These are some of the benefits of quitting cigarettes (including electronic):
- Reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke, nerve disease, kidney disease, diabetic eye disease and amputation.
- Improvement in cholesterol level and blood pressure.
- Improve blood circulation.
- Being physically active is easy.
3. Take care of food and drink
Implement a diet beneficial to diabetes, for example: fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains, skinless chicken or turkey, fish, lean meats, milk and skim or low-fat cheeses. Also, it’s best to drink water instead of soda or products with added sugar.
Since diabetics must watch their cholesterol levels, it is convenient for dieters to prioritize foods that are low in calories, saturated fat, trans fat, sugar and salt.