GENEVA – A United Nations investigative agency finds what it says is a worrying rise in war and violence, some incidents such as war crimes and crimes against humanity during Syria’s ten-year civil war. The report of the UN Committee on Syria will be submitted to the UN Human Rights Council.
In August 2011, five months after the start of the civil war, an investigation into alleged human rights violations in Syria began. The three-member panel now says the situation in Syria is getting worse.
In recent months, fighting and violence have intensified in the north-west, northeast and south of the country. It has reported that citizens in this war-torn country are finding it difficult to find refuge.
Commission member Hani Megali said a ceasefire agreement brokered by Russia and Turkey in March 2020 had ended hostilities in the northwestern province of Idlib.
Megali said it began to unravel as a result of increased air strikes by Syria and Russia and shelling in this last rebel-held area.
“In the case of crime, airstrikes and bombings, they were hitting civilian objects – schools, hospitals, marketplaces, etc.” Unfortunately, even incidents of rape. ”
The report found that several areas were under siege by pro-government forces, detaining thousands of civilians without adequate food or health care. Investigators have accused the terrorist organization Hayat Tahrir al-Sham of imposing restrictions on the freedom of the media and expression in areas under its control in the northwest.
The commission has accused the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces of illegally entering the camps of thousands of women and children across northeastern Syria.
Paolo Pinheiro, chairman of the commission, said one of the most reprehensible features was the condition of an estimated 20,000,000 children in Al Hall and other camps.
Pinheiro said about half were Iraqis, while 0 came from the other 600 countries. He said only one thousand foreign children have been released and brought to the country. Most foreign children, he thinks, are deprived of their freedom because their own country refuses to repatriate them.
“Most are under 12 years old. No one blamed them for the crime, “Pinheiro said.” Yet, for more than three years, they have been held in horrific conditions … Children can never be held indefinitely in safety. The first remedy for illegal detention is release. It cannot be justified to punish children for the sins of their parents.
The United Nations and international organizations estimate that nearly half a million people have been killed and 13.5 million have been forcibly displaced in Syria’s decades-long war, both internally and as refugees in neighboring countries.
The UN commission says the return of refugees to Syria is not safe because of the rise in violence and human rights abuses, the volatile political situation, the collapsing economy and the rapidly spreading Kovid-1 pandemic epidemic.