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Friday, October 07, 2022

Thanks USA! China ‘moves forward’ as artificial intelligence super power; US firms boost growth

China’s artificial intelligence (AI) capabilities have advanced dramatically over the past decade, and Dragon is now poised to overtake its major competitors as the world’s leading AI powerhouse.

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Ironically, China’s AI advancement is stemming from devices made by China’s biggest rival, the United States.

With a compound annual growth rate of 24.8%, China’s AI core business is projected to grow from 199.8 billion yuan ($29.89 billion) in 2021 to more than 600 billion yuan ($89.76 billion) in 2026, according to China’s deputy chief. According to Engineer Ann Hui. China Center for Information Industry Development.

Speaking at a parallel forum of the Sixth World Intelligence Congress, Hui pointed out that China has applied for more than 50% of AI patents in the world and has already acquired 6% of the patents it applied for.

It recently emerged that China can gauge party loyalty among members by tapping into AI.

However, this technological advancement is partly from America. China is poised to become the world leader in artificial intelligence by 2030, thanks to chips developed by American corporations, according to a new report released by the Center for Security in Emerging Technology (CSET).

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Image for representation (via Twitter)

According to the report, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has made considerable progress in applying artificial intelligence to combat and support roles in the past five years.

“Chinese leaders widely expect AI to usher in “intelligence” of military affairs, with ubiquitous sensor networks, more frequent machine-on-machine engagement and faster speeds of operations.

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The Eurasian Times previously reported that Chinese military researchers claim to have developed an AI-based anti-hypersonic defense system, where AI can predict the trajectory of a hypersonic glide vehicle as it approaches a target.

PLA’s progress in AI and related fields largely depends on continued access to a unique class of semiconductor AI chips employed to train state-of-the-art machine learning systems. These AI chips are produced by American industries located in or outside the United States.

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File Image: Semiconductor Chip

According to the researchers, “almost all were designed by Nvidia, Xilinx (now AMD), Intel or Microsemi,” according to 97 public documents of Chinese military purchases of AI chips. “On comparison, we did not find any public record of [Chinese military] Entities or state-owned defense enterprises place orders for high-end AI chips designed by Chinese companies, such as HiSilicon (Huawei), Sugon, Sunway, Hygon, or Phytium. ,

American ignorance that powers China’s technology

Several Asian firms such as Samsung in South Korea and Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company in Taiwan manufacture US-designed chips.

Despite the growing Chinese belligerence against the self-governing island state of Taiwan, the latter predicted a Chinese invasion would occur shortly.

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A US Army War College quarterly academic journal previously advised Taiwan to destroy its semiconductor industry if China decided to invade the country.

On its part, Taiwan is trying to diversify its chip industry in countries it thinks will come to its rescue in case of invasion. However, so far, the output has been helping China incredibly.

TSMC Lab-Taiwan
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC Lab) – Wikimedia Commons

American Nvidia GPUs, or graphics processing units, are the industry leaders in the semiconductors that power sophisticated artificial intelligence programs.

While the Chinese government has spent heavily to develop its chips, the report says, “high barriers to entry, including reliance on internal knowledge and highly specialized equipment, have so far prevented Chinese companies from catching up.”

While the semiconductor industry is primarily concentrated in Asia, US firms account for 47% of the global sales market, followed by South Korea (19%), Japan (10%), Europe (10%), Taiwan (6%), And China comes in its place. (5%). The Biden administration has also urged the US Congress to unlock $52bn in subsidies for domestic chip manufacturing.

The Biden administration has retained limits imposed by the Trump administration in 2020 to prevent US semiconductor designs from entering China.

However, that hasn’t stopped the Chinese military from obtaining the chips in a number of ways, including purchases made through Chinese intermediaries and, in some cases, through the creation of shell companies.

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The US government may consider implementing further controls to address this issue. Nevertheless, according to the report, these new restrictions in themselves would not be likely to have the desired effect without increasing the enforcement and investigative powers of the government.

“The chips themselves are difficult to track. Although they are technologically sophisticated, physical inputs to AI development, chips in transit do not have an easily observable signature,” the authors write.

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The Commerce Department, he says, should be collaborating with businesses to better understand which chips may be most relevant to the Chinese military’s AI purposes and “coordinating with partners to screen and screen end users.” There should be coordination to stop their export.”

Additionally, the US intelligence agency needs to conduct a more thorough analysis of open source information on Chinese semiconductor contracts. The CSET researchers “identified seven Chinese military vendors that are not listed in the US end-user export control regime. There is scope for open-source analysis to address other security challenges.”

Taiwanese companies also solicit incentives from the country to accelerate the construction of new manufacturing facilities in the United States. Taiwan, which has a market share of 63% in microchips, focused mainly on the US and Japan.

However, it now appears that Taipei is ready to join the European semiconductor ecosystem.

When the US and China come face to face with the threat of a military conflict for Taiwan, it becomes a security imperative for the US to take whatever support its industries are providing to boost China’s military technology. put an end to it.

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