Wednesday, February 1, 2023

The American Frontier: Out of Control and Transforming (Part 1)

according to United States Customs and Border Protection ,cbp), during fiscal year 2022 and so far in 2023, for range Thief Mexico across illegally 2.6 million migrants and confiscation of medicine He recorded a quantity of 140 tons. In the case of immigration illegalThis figure is 37% higher than the previous annual record recorded in 2021, while drug seizures have decreased by 30%.

While these numbers attract public attention to them, changes in the composition of the origins of both expatriates like medicine They tell a story beyond the statistics that should make us reflect on what is happening inside and outside the world’s most dynamic region.

according to immigration, it is clear that in 2022 not only there was a huge increase, the countries of origin also changed. of the 18 nationalities of expatriates Of the illegal immigrants most detained by US authorities, 12 come from Latin American countries, and although Mexicans top the list, many more Venezuelans, Nicaraguans, Cubans and Colombians are set to enter for the first time in 2022. were found AmericaBut there was also a significant increase in illegal entry of Peruvians and Haitians.

migration illegal From Venezuela, Nicaragua, cuba why Colombia It is set to increase from 143,663 detainees in 2021 to 697,762 in 2022, up from 541,618 so far expatriates arrested from Protector, Guatemala why HondurasCountries that led most illegal entry into US territory for more than a decade, even for the first time in 2022, Central American countries to report 23% decrease compared to 2021 Migrant towards America,

This change of migrant flows is caused by a combination of economic and political reasons, as well as the application, or absence, of US, bilateral and regional policies. Since 2015 more than 7 million Venezuelans have fled to neighboring countries due to factors of economic and political instability, however, today their destination is AmericaAs shown by the 187,716 Venezuelans detained by CBP in 2022. For their part, Nicaraguans have changed Costa Rica By neighboring to the north, joining the migrant flows crossing Mexico and with them Cubans and Colombians.

Added to the motivation to emigrate are the enormous processing capacity and infrastructure of the authorities. immigration American that they are waiting years for asylum requests to be approved, in addition to various criteria to enforce immigration policies. For example, the use of Title 42, a public health order salvaged by Donald Trump in the 1940s, authorizes US immigration officials to deport certain people outright. expatriates One Mexico or to their country of origin, but this largely depends on repatriation agreements between nationalities, America and country of origin, as well as agreements Mexico accepting the return of those who are not Mexican; In this case, about 45% expatriates Arrested during 2022. Another example is the lack of repatriation agreements between America and country of origin, as well as diplomatic relations; in the case of Venezuela cuba why NicaraguaThe latter tend to be vulnerable and together with political repression and economic difficulties in those countries, makes it practically impossible to repatriate them. expatriates in a safe manner.

While there are no simple solutions, the growth of migrant flows underlines the need for a new strategy that includes strengthening security expatriates and US and Mexican institutional capabilities (the latter face similar difficulties America manages to expatriates), as well as regional cooperation to combat human trafficking and corruption. The Los Angeles Declaration on Migration and Protection is a step on that path, but it is necessary to specify objectives and measure outcomes and look beyond quantity. expatriates that borders Mexico,Americathoroughly migration It is affecting other parts of the continent; For example, in the Darien Gap, between Colombia why panamathere has already been a perceived increase in migration for America that will certainly cross Central America and Mexico,

Undoubtedly, this situation has been taken into account in the new US Congress, which will assume power in January 2023 and now in the hands of Republicans. His mandate will certainly include the task of reducing immigration invalidate and ensure range, what? We don’t know, but one thing is very likely, the far-right is protesting America arguing that range Thief Mexico not secure enough to prevent migration And this traffic of drugs,

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Deskhttps://nationworldnews.com
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