Tuesday, February 7, 2023

The CELAC designation includes Brazil and reflects the divisions.

The VII summit of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, to be held in Buenos Aires on Tuesday, is marked by Brazil’s reinvention on a political platform that has not escaped the ideological divisions that cross the region.

The appointment also comes at a turbulent time in South America, following a suppressed uprising of right-wing protesters in Brazil and protests by political dissidents in Peru and Bolivia.

CELAC, made up of 33 countries, is a platform for political consultation that was born in 2011 on the initiative of the then Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez to separate himself from the Organization of American States, for him and other leftist leaders The question was ” alignment with the United States”.

Tuesday’s meeting focused on the presence of Brazil’s President Luiz Inacio “Lula” da Silva, who after returning to power for a third time in January decided to rejoin his country on the platform from which he predecessor, right-wing Jair Bolsonaro,

The left-wing Brazilian leader arrived in Buenos Aires a day before the meeting with messages of criticism directed at the Latin American right, following violent demonstrations by Bolsonaro supporters at the headquarters of Brazil’s legislative, executive and judicial branches. ,

Bolsonaro removed his country from SELAC three years ago, noting that it had become a forum that gave prominence to Venezuela, Cuba and Nicaragua.

These three nations, under question for mistrusting democracy and violating human rights, will be present at the Buenos Aires summit, which has sparked controversy.

The main opposition force to the government of Argentine President Alberto Fernandez rejected the aid of Cuban President Miguel Diaz Canal.

He also strongly criticized the eventual involvement of Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro, who eventually left for security reasons amid requests from Argentine opponents to be detained because of an arrest warrant in the United States for alleged drug trafficking. .

The Venezuelan government denounced that Maduro did not attend the meeting due to “a plan drawn up within the neo-fascist right, aimed at carrying out a series of attacks” against the country’s delegation. Maduro will be replaced by his chancellor.

The President of Nicaragua, Daniel Ortega, who decided not to attend a few days ago, will also be represented by an official.

The controversy surrounding the quote contributed to its tarnishing.

Patricio Giusto, director of Political Diagnosis, told The Associated Press on Monday that “it will be a gray summit” where the focus will be on the presence of those challenging governments, “not so much on the issue of human rights” as on the relevant issues on which the region is concerned. would need to be discussed and for which the Cellac Forum may be useful”.

The government of Fernández, a Peronist allied to da Silva in the region, rejected the criticism it received and said that CELAC is a “multilateral” forum for global dialogue, this time inviting representatives from the United States and China. .

Political instability suffered by Brazil, the largest Latin American economy, and its neighbors Peru and Bolivia will also be on the lips of participants, leaving in the background the program that Argentina – which exercises the provisional presidency – wants to promote. , so that this settlement system becomes a real integration system.

Peru is facing a wave of protests after Pedro Castillo was jailed last December for attempting to oust and dissolve Congress. More than fifty people have died in demonstrations demanding the resignation of former Vice President Dina Boluaarte in her place.

Protests have followed the arrest in late December of right-wing Luis Fernando Camacho, the opposition leader and governor of Santa Cruz province in Bolivia.

Camacho is being investigated for alleged terrorism for his involvement in the 2019 political crisis that led to the resignation of then-President Evo Morales after elections were deemed fraudulent.

Nation World News Desk
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