The confidence of young Basques in the future reached its highest value in the last decade of 2022, due to the “great uncertainty” generated by the pandemic and the invasion of Ukraine. However, they continue to evaluate their situation with a significant assessment, according to the latest report “Aurrera Begira” prepared by the Basque Youth Observatory.
The tenth edition of the study of the expectations of young people was presented this Thursday at the headquarters of the Observatory in Bilbao by the General Secretary for Social Transition and the 2030 Agenda of the Government of Batavia, Jonan Fernandez and the Director of Youth, Miren Saratxaga, and was prepared in an online survey based on 10 indicators between December 12 and 19 2022 between the ages of 15 to 29 years sixty nine thirty to 29 (526 inhabitants of Lava, 1,700 in Bizkaia, 1,063 in Gipuzkoa and 249 outside the Netherlands).
As Fernández explained, the initiative was first carried out in 2013 to “give voice and listen” to young people in a time of crisis and, since then, the young people’s assessment of their situation has been investigated, as well as the short wait. and the middle term about problems such as unemployment, emigration or the difficulty of being emancipated or their level of confidence in the future.
Thus, this tenth edition allows us to analyze the “whole decade” of young people’s expectations and, in the words of the person who has passed the Social Transition and is in charge of the 2030 Agenda, verified in the last ten years; young people have suffered “very great uncertainty from the economic crisis, the impact of the global health crisis and the effects of the invasion of Ukraine”.
“The emotional context of young people is not alien to this very adverse situation. A context that has contributed to the decline of confidence in the future,” he pointed out.
Among the data included in the 2002 report, it is reflected that the evaluation of the present time is at 62 points out of 100, the lowest value since 2015. a slide that “to be fed”, as explained by Miren Saratxaga.
This indicator is built by combining assessment with the personal situation, that is, of young people in general and in the Basque Country and, according to the conclusions of the study, “it is the very situation of young people in general that causes a drop in value. list”.
A good personal assessment of the matter
Thus and as in the previous editions, the “main contrast” that appears in the reports is produced by the different assessments that young people make of their personal situation and of the youth of the university. Specifically, personal satisfaction stands at 70 points out of 100 and the evaluation of the youth situation remains at 54.
Although young people have seen that the assessment is “amazing” for their personal situation, the figure for the next year is the lowest since the beginning of the crises that have occurred in recent decades. In 2013 it was 80 and the highest it reached in 2015 was 81. Since 2019 it has dropped eight points.
In the balance of vitals aspect, the director of Youth explained “the gap between the importance of granted and the perceived satisfaction with respect to the money available to the youth is growing, with a 21-point gap between the granted and the importance of satisfaction”. .
In the case of work, there is a distance between the importance and satisfaction of 16 points and in health of 12 points, which, in the words of Saratxaga, “reflects the growing sense that the youth has in the attitude of the body and emotions. success”.
Research shows that 45% of young workers consider it very or fairly likely that they will lose their job within a year or that working conditions will worsen, three points more than in 2021, but twelve points less than in 2013.
Also, despite the “uncertain” times, the percentage of unemployed young people who hope to find a job is 71% in 2022, higher than 62% in 2021 or 54% in 2013, but still less than 92% in 2019.
Along the same lines, as indicated by Saratxaga, the expectation of embedded employment functions “the best data since 2013”, with 77% of students hoping to find a job according to their training when they finish their studies.
The expectation of forced emigration, which measures the percentage of young people who believe that they will be forced to emigrate abroad in the future without fail to 10, two points more than in 2021 but six less than a decade ago.
Manumission is “mutilated”;
As for the “crippled” expectation of emancipation (representing young people who will not be able to complete their emancipation projects within the year) it is 45%, the same figure as in 2013 and three points more than in 2021.
The first study includes the rate of late motherhood and fatherhood, which measures the percentage of young people who want to have children, but do not believe that it will happen at the desired age, which stands at 26% of. men in 15 to 29 years from the Basque Country.
Finally, the report measures the index of confidence in the future, which adds expectations about the development of the personal situation, the youth and the Basque country in a five-year period, which is 54 points on a scale from 0 to 100. , which is the lowest data since this study began in 2013, when to He reached 64 points. The highest value was given in 2017 with 75 points.
In the words of the Secretary General for Social Transition and 2030 Manager, all this is “a faithful reflection of the state of mind that permeates the whole society”. “If any other age was developed, the drop in confidence in the future is also reflected, because the growth in the uncertain fact is heavy,” he said.
Fernández confirmed the recently approved Basque 2030 Strategy to promote Youth emancipation and the plan to promote it, such as financial aid for emancipation, “to respond to supporting young people in this difficult environment”.
In his opinion, “in order to face this present and this future great uncertainty, it will be necessary to develop a solid sense of intergenerational empathy. Aspects of reciprocity and collaboration between generations.” “There are ways to write maps that are different in terms of perspective and approach, or different in age, but with a common perspective,” he warned.