“Today the Crown, as it has done for more than a thousand years, passes to our new Emperor, our new Head of State, Your Majesty. King Charles III”, thus, announced the brand new English Prime Minister Liz Truss, the name the Prince of Wales was going to adopt during his reign. This data was expected by many as the emperor could choose one of his secular surnames, such as Felipe in honor of his father or George, in honor of his grandfather.
carlos Felipe Arturo George, thus the son of the then Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh, was baptized in 1948 and when it became known that reena Isabel II Whether he was dead, bets were also placed on the subject in England and, undoubtedly, Carlos was not one of the favourites. is that, in Great Britain, the name has a short but tumultuous history.
Charles I You Charles II (Father and Son) were two important characters of the 17th century, both of the Stuart dynasty, and their reigns were marred by disputes, wars and excesses. Charles I He was the son of James I of England and VI of Scotland, the first monarch to unify the crowns of both kingdoms after the death of Elizabeth I.
James came to the English crown after Elizabeth I died without a legitimate child. The emperor had a strong dispute with his cousin Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland and claimant to the throne of England. Mary was raised within Catholicism in France and became queen consort of that country, however, she was widowed at a very young age and returned to Scotland to take charge of the kingdom she had inherited from her father.
However, the arrival of a Catholic represented a greater danger for the island that had fallen into a bloody religious war between Catholics and Protestants and for Elizabeth, a single monarch who was pressured by her advisors to marry. . In the end, and after several conspiracies, Isabel decides to take her cousin into custody and then kill her.
Ironically, his grandson Charles I This was the result even after the English Revolution. The controversy about the sovereign’s religious policy was not the only thing that motivated the rebels, but also the expenses that the emperor wanted to allocate for the war with Spain and his poor relations with parliament were a significant burden. But it was the application of absolutism, branded as tyranny, that marked its end.
after the execution of Charles I In 1649, Oliver Cromwell attempted to enforce a republic, however, he also ended up implementing a tyrannical policy, claiming even greater powers than any of his earlier kings. When Cromwell died in 1958, a process of great instability began, culminating in the restoration of the monarchy. thus, Charles II He took the throne back for the Stuart dynasty and, although he promised to forgive those responsible for his father’s execution, he was cruel to some of the characters.
Succession was one of the most controversial issues of his reign. This was because, from his marriage to Catherine of Braganza, he had no living heir. Catalina was not viewed well by her subjects because she was Catholic and the impossibility of producing an heir added to the social unrest.
thus, Charles II He had to name his brother James (later James II of England and VII of Scotland) as a possible successor, but the then Duke of Cambridge converted to Catholicism in 1668, leading to a terrible crisis. In view of the inconvenience caused by this, Charles II He ordered that his brother’s two eldest daughters be raised away from their parents and under the Anglican religion. Despite this, the emperor could not prevent his brother’s later rule from ending in an internal war known as the Glorious Revolution.