One of the most popular weight loss diets in recent years ketogenicAlso called the keto diet, it encourages the consumption of foods high in fat and low in carbohydrates.
consume less carbohydrates This can trigger a process called ketosis, which occurs when the body uses fat stores for energy instead of sugar, which can lead to weight loss.
Ketosis is not considered to pose any major medical risk, says Jacqueline Uy Lonier, MD, an associate professor of endocrinology at Columbia University Irving Medical Center. Even thenIn people with diabetes or other medical conditions, ketosis can lead to a dangerous process called ketoacidosis.
diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when a person’s body does not have enough insulin to use blood sugar for energy So it converts fat into acids called ketones. too many ketones can acidify the bloodWhich can cause serious health complications.
Below you will find guide about Similarities and Differences Between Ketosis and KetoacidosisAccording to medical experts.
What is ketosis?
The body prefers to use glucose or sugar for fuel. An important source of glucose is carbohydrate. when there is not enough glucose in the blood or liverAccording to Lonier, the body passes through a series complex processes that prompt you to use fat stores as an energy source instead of glucose.
when it happens, Increases the production of special compounds called ketones in the bodyand when he begins to use them as a primary source of energy, he enters a metabolic state called ketosis.
Ketosis can occur when following a low-carb or ketogenic diet. business Insider Marilyn Tan, associate clinical professor of endocrinology at the Stanford School of Medicine. Intermittent fasting, or going without food for long periods of time, can also trigger this phenomenon.
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there are some Benefits of this fat burningsuch as promoting weight loss and potentially reducing free radicals In the creature “But we don’t have enough data to know whether ketosis is safe in the long term,” Tan says.
Although there is conflicting data on the benefits of keto, Ketosis is usually not dangerous unless you have an underlying disease such as diabetes.s, which can pose a medical risk. “It’s probably not harmful, but it can cause uncomfortable symptoms,” Lonier says.
People who follow the keto diet or do intermittent fasting sometimes describe these symptoms of ketosis: gripe keto, According to the National Library of Medicine, the ketosis The reason may be:
- nausea and vomiting
- feeling tired
- difficulty sleeping
can also cause ketosis Fruity breath that smells like nail polish remover, Grant Barish, MD, professor of endocrinology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. That’s because acetone—the chemical in nail polish remover—is a type of ketone.
Ketosis can persist as long as carbohydrate intake is exceptionally low, but As the body adjusts, the above symptoms usually disappear within a few days or weeks. To burn fat for energy.
What is ketoacidosis?
ketoacidosis Another phenomenon that can occur as a side effect of diabetes, starvation, or alcoholism involves a process similar to ketosis: Occurs when the body does not have enough blood sugar or cannot properly use the sugar it has access toSo it starts converting fat into ketones for energy.
diabetic ketoacidosis happens because insulin Glucose — a chemical that allows cells to absorb and use glucose as an energy source — is missing or not working properly. It usually occurs in people with diabetes.
as well, ketoacidosis can be caused by starvation and excessive consumption of alcohol instead of food, whether you have diabetes or not.
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“Since there is not enough insulin for glucose to reach the body’s tissues, the body thinks it is starving and begins to break down fat cells,” explains Lonier.
Ketosis doesn’t cause medical problems, but it does because you’re otherwise Healthy people have enough insulin to suppress ketone production.
If there are too many ketones in the body, The blood can become acidic, leading to a complication called ketoacidosis.
According to such scientific research, Most common symptoms of ketoacidosis Include:
- nausea and vomiting
- stomach ache
- rapid, shallow breathing
even when it rains People with ketoacidosis often experience fruity breath odor associated with ketosis.But even more so because of the high levels of ketones in your body.
Although ketoacidosis is more common in people with diabetes, it can occur in other circumstances, for example, in people who drink excessive amounts of alcohol.
“When the liver metabolizes alcohol, there is a shift toward ketone production,” notes Lonier. “But you would have to drink excessively for this to happen. Developing ketoacidosis is serious and can be life-threatening if left untreated.”
“The body’s tissues and organs cannot function in an acidic environment,” he noted.
the only cure for diabetic ketoacidosis There is insulin, which is usually given intravenously in hospital.
The treatment for starvation ketoacidosis is to increase carbohydrate levels, while for alcoholic ketoacidosis it is to give fluids. Monitor intravenous and electrolyte levels.
If you think you may be suffering from ketoacidosis, you must seek medical attention as soon as possible.
ketosis vs ketoacidosis
Ketosis and ketoacidosis involve similar metabolic processes, but Ketosis is a regulated process while ketoacidosis is notDiabetes: There isn’t enough blood sugar in the body to use as a source of energy, so it turns to fat stores.
Experts agree that the effects are very different:
- it is produced as The result of fasting or a low-carbohydrate diet.
- usually not dangerous For healthy people.
- may cause Distressing physical symptoms.
- loss Symptoms disappear on eating carbohydrates.
- it is caused by a Insufficient insulin in the body, starvation or excessive alcohol consumption.
- This can be serious, even life-threatening. If medical treatment is not received.
- reason more severe symptoms.
- loss Symptoms only get better with treatment
Most importantly, while ketosis can be uncomfortable due to lifestyle factors such as fasting or dieting, it is overcome when a person eats carbohydrates that the body can use for fuel.
Even then, Ketoacidosis is a serious illness that requires immediate treatment.