The feet are the base of the body which gives us stability and supports our body day by day. We have completely forgotten about them, in fact, it seems that we only remember them when they hurt us or have some pathology.
It is important to pay attention to the fact that the fingers, nails and skin can indicate various changes and pathologies, in a systemic or infectious order, which will give certain symptoms. Therefore, it never hurts to pay attention to the changes that occur in the extremities of the legs.
We will review the main conditions of the feet, starting with the nails, the most obvious signs if something pathological happens in our body.
Color changes in the key (chromonychia)
The most common is that they are produced by a fungal infection and depending on the type of fungus, they will see one color;
1/ black or brown or black line (melanoma)
This brown color in very localized areas can also be altered in the area of the skin, a benign lesion, such as a nevus or a mole.
It could also be melanoma. In addition, this malignant disease can also be recognized by a very defined black line that appears along the entire length of the nail. A vertical line running through the entire nail, 1 or 2 mm thick. He notices because the line is perfect.
2/ albicans (psoriasis)
Where the nail, especially of the thumb, is brittle and brittle, yellow and yellowish in color, it may be an indication of psoriasis.
Sometimes it can be confused with mushrooms.
There are nails in which there is a lot of dead skin underneath, which is decaying
Psoriasis is a systemic disease that can cause nail problems.
3 / fragile and weak nail (avitaminosis or impaired nutrition)
Too fragile, fragile, detached, can even be torn apart with fingers.
Sometimes, too, the nail also exhibits lines called Beau’s lines (transparent lines that run directly through the nail).
When we see this type of nails, the analysis should be done because it is often associated with avitaminosis processes and with the analytical study it is regulated by a viral, infectious or even cancer-like process.
Eczema spots (poison, allergy, viral infections)
A rash of red or pink spots on the skin or folds: this will indicate that you have psoriasis. Sometimes it affects the first movement of the foot and podiatrists can diagnose this disease due to the fact that the foot injury emerged. Ulcers can also be seen as a result of dermatitis, such as those caused by poisoning or allergies.
Blisters or rashes: lesions appear due to viral skin infections, for example, chickenpox. In this case, it is usual for the boils to appear all over the body, but sometimes it starts with the foot of the rash on the floor. It is rare, but it can happen.
Skin color changes: vascular alteration, liver damage.
Yellow tone: usually the skin has a homogeneous color, but sometimes, depending on the disease, such as liver or pancreatic disease, the skin acquires a yellowish tone.
– Blue or purple in color: associated with lung or heart disease. When we see blue skin only on the foot, it means that there is not enough irrigation coming, probably because there is a vascular alteration, certainly an obstruction of the artery of the foot. It is characteristic of people with long-term diabetes.
– White tones: when the skin turns white, there is a vascular problem known as Raynaud’s disease. It appears because of changes in temperature that cause constriction of the blood vessels and the blood does not reach the skin.
Tingling, burning, numbness, lack of irrigation, diabetes.
They will indicate changes in the level of blood supply.
However, when the sensation in the foot is reduced, such as burning or tingling, it can be neuropathy.
Deformed fingers (osteoarthritis)
Fingers and nails are distorted and deformed.
Osteoarthritis is the degeneration of the joint due to the process of time, and it usually occurs in advanced ages.
It hurts a lot when the fingers are twisted, then it is not strong.
Painful and swollen toe (gout)
It is not very common, but it is possible that the first sign of gout is located in the big toe, which becomes red and very swollen and hurts a lot because the uric acid forms are deposited there.
If a person keeps bad nutritional habits and does not usually have analytical control, eventually an attack of gout can occur.