Tuesday, January 31, 2023

The implant that has mocked Elon Musk: A year controlling the iPad with the mind

The fusion between machines and people is already a reality heralding a future where mobile phones are controlled only by thought. Different companies focus their inventions help people with paralysis As it causes amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in more than 4,000 people in Spain each year, the latter makes that society typical of science fiction novels.

While Elon Musk has stuck with his company Neuralink, which is investigating animal cruelty in the United States, and has repeatedly delayed its latest advances, its competitors are forging ahead, thanks to devices that have previously have since been demonstrating their feasibility in human patients. The company Synchron has announced this in the medical journal JAMA Neurology results of a study that Proof that your implant is safe and reliable over the long term.

For one year, four paralyzed patients have participated in a synchrony study where they have been able to control a computer with a brain-machine interface without presenting persistent neurological deficits. “They did not suffer clots or device migration,” the company says. as well, Signal quality remained stable there is no evidence of spoilage.

This was already achieved in 2021 with Philip O’Keefe, an Australian over 60 years old who suffers from paralysis caused by amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or ALS. O’Keefe became the first person to post a tweet with this technique (via Synchron CEO Thomas Oxley’s account) just by thinking about it.

How is it applied?

The stentrode is a cylindrical network that is inserted into the patient’s brain through blood vessels next to the motor cortex and only a small incision in the neck, A microcatheter is slipped through the bloodstream and deposits the sensor in the appropriate area. “All patients tolerated the procedure well and were usually discharged within 48 hours,” said co-principal investigator Professor Peter Mitchell, director of neuro intervention at the Royal Melbourne Hospital.

Stentrode, Brain Implant

stentrode, brain implant

University of Melbourne

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Once implanted, the stentrode wirelessly detects and transmits motor intent to control personal digital devices. this little device Measures only 4 mm in diameter and is made of nitinol, a strong but flexible type of alloy commonly used in medicine and space.

The stentrode transmits the received signal of brain activity to a wireless antenna installed under the skin of the chest, which is responsible for wirelessly communicating with the axon. This second device translates the commands and sends them via Bluetooth to the third device. Brain.io, Synchron’s hands-free platform manages commands sent by the brain.

One Time

one time

one time

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Synchron’s first-generation system was developed in partnership with Ripple LLC and uses Neural sensing technology to provide capabilities for Central signal acquisition, data telemetry, and signal processing.

buy with mind

Participants in this study were able to use the implant for texting, email, personal finance, and even online shopping. This technique is used to exceed previous company milestones. for 12 months And checks that the device is safe for so long.

YouTube video

stentrode, brain implant

University of Melbourne

The intent is not so much to access Amazon or Twitter with the brain, or to be able to play pong like the chimpanzees in Neuralink’s experiments but to have a better quality of life and some autonomy for people with motor difficulties. For example, in the future the stentrode could also serve as a connection between the brain and a prosthesis such as a robotic arm that they could use to feed themselves.

This type of paralysis can result in loss of muscle control in the body, but leaves the brain intact. brain-machine interface is designed To restore transmission of the associated lost motor intent signal with paralysis. That is, the brain signal that underlies the physical desire to move.

future plans

Synchron has more patients using its device than participants in this study, and seven people have already tested their invention. Rodney Gorham is one of them. First to use it with an Apple product, specifically, with your iPad. Achieving compatibility with major operating systems is one of the steps in disseminating your technology to society, as well as obtaining FDA approval.

Stentrod

Stentrod

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The results of the recent study will pave that way toward widespread use. In October last year, the company announced the launch of the Command test at the University of Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania. The test is done under lFirst Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) granted by the FDA. For a company evaluating one of these permanently installed implants.

Thanks to its technological advances and the demonstration that its proposal works in humans, this company A lot of financial support is being received. Among the new investors are Silicon Valley giants such as Bill Gates or Jeff Bezos, who enter the neurotechnology market to compete with Elon Musk.

Both startups, Stentrod and Neuralink, began their journey in 2016 with the same goal in mind, but with one key difference: funding. The company created by Elon Musk was born with $370 million to develop its technology, compared to an investment of $50 million that has helped Synchron get to where it is now.

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Deskhttps://nationworldnews.com
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