Saturday, March 25, 2023

The key to monkeypox: what it is, how it spread and how the current spread

Geneva.- Monkeypox is a rapidly spreading viral disease that appeared in Africa in the 1970s. These are the main symptoms and forms of infection of this disease of animal origin, which are usually not serious and Whose virus is similar to smallpox, a disease that ended in 1980.

The United Kingdom Health Protection Agency (Ukhsa) notes that, at first, the symptoms of the illness are usually similar to those of the flu and include: Fever, headache, muscle aches, back pain, chills, tiredness, swollen lymph nodes.

The most typical symptom appears 1 to 5 days after the fever: sAD develops a rash that often begins on the face and then spreads to other parts of the body, primarily the arms and legs.

File - Us  This 2003 Electron Microscope Image, Provided By The Centers For Disease Control And Prevention, Shows Mature, Oval-Shaped Monkeypox Virions Obtained From A Human Skin Sample, With Circularly Immature Virions On The Left And Spherical Immature Virions On The Right.  (Cynthia S. Goldsmith, Russell Regner/Cdc Via Ap, File)
FILE – US This 2003 electron microscope image, provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shows mature, oval-shaped monkeypox virions obtained from a human skin sample, with circularly immature virions on the left and spherical immature virions on the right. (Cynthia S. Goldsmith, Russell Regner/CDC via Associated Press, file)

In many existing cases, people have reported the presence of a rash in the genital area.

These types of blisters change the way they appear and go through various stages before eventually forming a scab which then falls off.

If a person has this type of rash, then they should go to the doctor and isolate themselves so that the disease does not spread to others.

It is important to be aware of the symptoms, because monkeypox, unlike covid, The disease spreads only when a person develops symptoms,

The Cleveland Clinic explains that a person can infect others while they have scabies and the skin is not completely healthy.

Potential transmission from person to person can occur through any contact with the patient’s wounds, clothing worn by an infected person (including bedding or towels), coughing or sneezing by an infected person.

The following is a timeline of how the disease spreads.

Monkeypox was first detected in humans in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC, then Zaire) a 9 year old boy, according to WHO. Since then, human cases of monkeypox have been reported in rural or forested areas of 11 African countries: Benin, Cameroon, Cte d’Ivoire, Central African Republic, Gabon, Liberia, Nigeria, Congo, DRC, Sierra Leone and South Sudan.

The first outbreak occurs outside the African continent Americain June 2003. Health Authority of the Centers for Disease Investigation and Control (CDC) 87 cases reported (20 of which were confirmed by tests) but no deaths, The disease spread there after domestic prairie dogs were contaminated by rodents imported from Ghana.

as of 2017 Nigeria is facing “a major pandemic”, With over 500 suspected cases, over 200 confirmed cases and a case fatality rate of about 3%, according to WHO. Sporadic cases in travelers from Nigeria have been reported in Israel (September 2018), the United Kingdom (September 2018, December 2019, May 2021 and May 2022), Singapore (May 2019) and the United States (July and November 2021).

As of May 2022, cases have been reported in countries where the disease was not endemic until then. In United KingdomAs of early May, a series of infections has been detected, especially in gay men. Till May 20, there have been 20 infections in this country. This disease also affects Germany, Belgium, Spain, France, Italy, Portugal and Sweden, The WHO then records 80 confirmed cases in the world, with infections also reported in the United States, Canada and Australia.

On May 23, the United States announced the vaccination of contact cases with smallpox vaccine, which is equally effective against monkeypox. On the 26th, the European Union indicated that it was preparing for a joint purchase of vaccines and treatments against monkeypox, while France vaccinated the first case on the 27th.

On 8 June, WHO President Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus announced “over 1000 confirmed cases” In 29 countries where the disease was not previously endemic. On the 25th, he considers the outbreak a very worrying health threat, but one that has not yet reached the level of a “global health emergency”.

June 21, The United Kingdom, which then has about 800 cases, calls for preventive vaccination of “at risk” men, in particular homosexuals with multiple partners., On 8 July, France also proposes preventive vaccination.

As of July 19, US health officials (CDC) report More than 14,500 confirmed cases in some sixty countries in which this disease was unknown until now. European countries, the United States and Canada focus on the majority of cases.

AFP and ANSA agencies

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Desk
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