Technological changes move rapidly, while related laws lag behind due to several factors, mainly those related to bureaucracy, technical illiteracy and resistance to accept change as a prerequisite. sign qualification non of development.
conditions like blockchain or cyber security, artificial intelligence, machine learningThe reading or learningNeural networks, cyberspace, the metaverse or NFTs are just a few that make up this new language of the 21st century and, of course, there is no legal framework that regulates this area of new knowledge.
For this reason, it is plausible that proposals arise for the first time in Congress to create task commissions, with the aim of creating working groups composed of legislators and special advisers that generate these new legal systems.
From San Lázaro, deputy Justino Eugenio Arriaga Rojas (PAN) proposed an amendment to Article 39 of the Organic Law of the General Congress with the aim of creating a Commission on Artificial Intelligence and Cyber Security in the lower house.
The proposal states that it aims to have a body and personnel having expertise in cyber security, artificial intelligence and related issues so that legislative proposals presented may be governed in a coherent and consistent manner from a technical point of view.
The document submitted to the Parliamentary Governance, Regulation and Practice Commission states that due to the exponential expansion of the use of electronic media, especially after the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been an increase in cyber attacks in the world.
In view of this, experts have warned about the rise in cyber attacks and theft of information both in private companies and public sector.
According to data from the multinational Fortinet, during the first half of 2021, more than 91 billion cyberattacks were recorded in Latin America, of which more than 60 billion occurred in Mexico, which puts our country in first place. face such danger.
The explanatory statement of the initiative highlights that, for example, child pornography in cyberspace is the crime with the highest incidence for cybernetic investigations by the competent authorities in Mexico, which so far does not have a strong legal framework to prevent it. , investigate and punish it. ,
According to information received from the National Guard, child pornography was the most reported cybercrime in the country with 28 percent of investigations between September 1, 2019, and June 30, 2020. after kidnapping, 14 percent; trafficking and missing persons, 9 percent each; and electronic fraud, 4 percent.
In 2022 it was revealed that several agencies have been attacked by cybercriminals, including the Secretariat of National Defense, Infrastructure, Communications and Transportation, and Public Ceremonies, as well as the Institute for Social Security and Social Services for State Employees (ISSSTE). Are included. Pemex and CFE, among other public institutions.
Hence, the importance of having an adequate and specialized legal regulation to prevent, investigate and punish these cybercrime crimes or, otherwise, investigative and judicial authorities compare themselves to cybercriminal organizations operating worldwide via the Internet. I will be found in loss. ,
In new technologies, the so-called blockchainWhich is applied in a variety of fields ranging from the registration and management of digital currencies and in general to the inviolable registration of all kinds of operations, the tracking of assets and the creation of trust without the need for intermediaries.
It is used in both private and public entities and, because of its cyber security, its application is widespread, so it is necessary to look in developed countries for the type of legislation that is implemented to regulate its use.
In the Chamber of Deputies, Movimiento Ciudadano legislator Andres Pintos Caballero proposed the use of the technology to officials of 32 federal entities blockchain In administrative operations to improve transparency and combat corruption, as this technological tool allows the transfer of digital data with sophisticated encryption and in a secure manner.
Through this tool, it is possible to help solve political, social, industrial and economic problems, as its implementation will strengthen the efforts implemented to reduce, punish and prevent the effects of corruption.
In the fight against corruption, the amount of lost resources due to this action amounts to billions of pesos; In 2021 alone, the cost of acts of corruption in Mexico derived from payment of procedures, requests for public services and others was approximately 9.5 billion pesos.