On November 19, 2022, Law 21,389, which created the law, came into force National Register of Debtors of maintenance pensions and changed the various legal bodies in order to improve the maintenance payment system in Chile. Six months later Law on Parental Responsibility and Effective Payment of Maintenance Debts (21.484): Both standards together created new institutional tools for the effective payment of pensions.
Months after the implementation of both regulations, from Ministry of Women and Gender Equality They provided an update on the debtor numbers.
“Today, we have 154,000 cases and 147,439,000 debtors in view of this There are people who have more than one cause. These figures, firstly, show a significant increase in the number of debtors entered into the register in the last three months and, secondly, they reflect the need for the country to regulate what happens when the obligation to provide resources for the development is repeatedly violated. optimal for children and young people,” said Minister Antonia Orellana.
The 154,000 current registrations that the National Debtors Register has today, They increased by almost 50,000 cases from June to today when their number reached 104,921.
To be included in the register, there must be a maintenance case before the Court, which must assess the background. The debtor must submit an application for settlement of the debt to the competent court, which will be brought to the attention of the debtor.
If the latter has a debt of three consecutive months and/or five consecutive months and does not make the payment after the completion of the liquidation, the court will transmit the information to the identification register service so that it can register the food debtor in the national register of debtors. .
This mechanism is a remote, free and instantaneous electronic system that can be viewed by any person or institution legally obliged to do so, such as: B. Debtors, plaintiffs, legal representatives, courts, banks, notaries, municipalities and other public institutions. and private.
The consequences of registration in the national register of debtors include: the annual withholding of tax refunds on the income transaction, the inability to obtain or renew the driver’s license and/or passport and the withholding of tax transactions. Credit (from 50 UF or more it will reach 50%, among other things.
The entry into force of the law last May has been added to this register Law on parental responsibility and effective payment of maintenance debts “which allows the courts that have issued the order recording the debt to order their payment from the funds that the debtor has in his bank accounts, investment and financial instruments and in his pension savings accounts. voluntary,” explained Minister Orellana , who added that both laws “complement each other so as to never again leave the women alone in the country where the state is responsible for the prosecution of maintenance debtors”.