The scientific community is said to be worried as the initiative proposes to issue General Laws of Humanities, Science, Technology and Innovation It excludes collegiate bodies, researchers and scientists were not consulted in its formulation and its lack of incentives could lead to a brain drain, cautioned members of Conset, CIDE and Syninvest.
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“It looks like what they want is to control an area that could be very important for 2024,” he said.
He requested an opportunity to present his needs and proposals in an open parliament with legislators, who would be in charge of structuring the opinions to be presented to Congress, but added that this should not be an exercise with those concerned with the government. Is.
in interview with universalSIN III member and 2022 National Chemistry Prize winner Dr. Miguel Méndez Rojas said President Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s project could cause scientists to leave the country because of the lack of clear criteria for receiving the scholarship.
“it is probable [que haya una fuga de cerebros] Because the criteria are not clear in the new scholarship scheme”, he clarified.
He added that “it seeks to centralize the decisions of the Constituent Assembly”, which would be “a regression with respect to what has been achieved in previous decades”.
They said they hope to engage in the initiative’s debate, “not as they have done, with simulated conversations controlled by them,” but through plural groups of researchers who are not aligned with any ideology. Huh.
,[Esperaríamos que] Researchers themselves, universities, public and private sectors within the areas to be affected, because one thing is very clear in this reform is that the entire private sector, including universities and private higher education institutions, will be completely discriminated against in terms of access to resources and incentives Has been”, he explained.
For his part, Eduardo Muniz Trejo, Master in Public Policy from the Center for Economic Research and Teaching (cid), said the federal executive’s initiative “has a way of making scientific policy vertical” and would lead to a brain drain.
“Currently, each institution determines whether to pay royalties to its researchers. [por publicaciones]but now it will Konasit Whoever determines that also centralizes that type of decision making, which is an incentive to do an investigation. This initiative is going to cause brain drain”, he told in an interview with this newspaper.
He said there is concern about the changes generated by the proposed project by the federal executive, as the scientific community was not consulted, and that this government has “shown contempt for science, more than disinterest”.
“I don’t think the president really regards the scientific sector as a priority of his government … It seems that what he wants is to control an area that could be very important for 2024.
“This is a total change of the system, with a profound impact, and so there is concern that a change of this magnitude is being made without even consulting the community,” he explained.
Dr. Alma Maldonado, Researcher at the Center for Research and Advanced Studies (Cinvestav), noted that the central theme of the initiative proposed by President López Obrador is to modify decision-making and to phase out collegiate bodies, with CONCET losing relevance.
“The central thing is in the issue of governance and who they want to call on to make the most important decisions about the science and technology system. They are going to make CONSAT lose all relevance, and have dialogue, convocation and common This possibility of consent, [porque] Not included [instituciones] To private, to ANUIES, to college bodies,” he explained.
He regretted that the country does not take up science as an area of investment.
“Instead, it is seen as an area where you spend. I think this is the most damaging perspective that can exist”, said the researcher.
He affirmed that academics are calling for “consensus legislation where everyone basically agrees on how it was drafted,” and that Congressional ruling committees should take Initiative 44 into account. those that propose minor changes, as well as five that propose releasing the entire law, “with the parts best detailed and developed”.
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The legislative route begins in January; considers opening parliament
During this legislature, 22 initiatives have been referred to the Science, Technology and Innovation Commission of the Chamber of Deputies that propose reforms to the Science and Technology Law and the Biological Law to the National Science and Technology Council.
As well as four initiatives that propose the issuance of a new law on both matters: one in the Chamber of Deputies and three in the Senate of the Republic.
In January, a conference will be convened between the Science and Technology Commissions of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic to define the tasks to be followed to rule on the General Law on Humanities, Science, Technology and Innovation.
In the legislative route, it is planned to hold an open parliament on the subject.
“In February we will start our work, they will be called. We will come to an agreement to be able to start this open parliament and give it transparency”, explained Javier López Casarin, deputy chairman of the Science, Technology and Innovation Commission of the Chamber of Deputies.
He added that he would like to hear that Conseit, SEPs, universities, public and private research and development centres, student and academic centers exist, as they form “our ecosystem of science, technology and innovation”.
He informed that efforts will be made to strengthen the transparency mechanism and comply with the provisions of Article 9 BIS of the existing law, which establishes that at least 1% of GDP must be invested in science and technology .
“They will be priority tasks for both commissions from the beginning of the next term. We will structure all the arguments that are necessary to be able to present the study arising before the executive and the results to this open parliament”, he added. Said.
deputy lopez caserin He noted that the content of other initiatives that are in the Senate of the Republic and in the Chamber of Deputies that have the same objective will be considered in the opinion.