Friday, January 27, 2023

The trial in the US against the former Secretary of Public Security of Mexico, Genaro Garcia Luna: who is he, what are they accusing him of and who are the witnesses

(CNN Spanish) — With the selection of the jury, the trial against Gennaro Garcia Luna begins in a federal court in New York this Tuesday.

García Luna was Mexico’s Secretary of Public Security during the presidency of Felipe Calderón between 2006 and 2012, and is the highest-ranking Mexican official to face US justice on charges of drug trafficking and corruption.


Garcia Luna, who served for a decade as the head of Mexico’s now-disbanded Federal Investigation Agency, the equivalent of the FBI, was arrested in Dallas on December 9, 2019 and charged with drug trafficking and the million-dollar Sinaloa Cartel. Was accused of taking a bribe, which was headed by. at that time by Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzmán.

Prosecutors argue that, in exchange for the money, García Luna allowed the Sinaloa Cartel to operate with impunity in Mexico and allowed traffickers to transport drugs safely and without interference from law enforcement in the United States. helped, and it even carried out attacks against rival cartels. ,

The former officer is facing multiple counts of participation in an ongoing criminal enterprise and conspiracy with others to obtain, import and distribute thousands of kilograms of cocaine into the US, in addition to allegedly providing false information to US immigration officials. Gave statements.

Garcia Luna has pleaded not guilty to all charges. If convicted, he faces a minimum sentence of 20 years in prison, up to life in prison.


The trial will take place in New York’s Eastern District Court and will be presided over by federal judge Brian Kogan, the same court and judge who oversaw the case against Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzmán. During Guzmán’s trial, García Luna’s name was mentioned when some testified that he had given a suitcase full of money to the former Mexican police chief.

Prosecutors estimate the trial could last about eight weeks, during which various evidence and dozens of witnesses will be presented, including former members of the Sinaloa cartel and other drug traffickers. It is not yet clear whether Garcia Luna will speak in his own defense, but he could still avoid a lengthy trial if he decides to cut a plea deal with prosecutors in exchange for a guilty plea.

Significance of the Garcia Luna test. a reporter explains it 4:12


The jury will be made up of 12 US citizens who will be selected from among 400 nominees. Each had to answer basic questions about their identity, their ethnicity, their profession and any information that might affect the decision.

For security reasons, the jury in this case will remain anonymous and partially sequestered. In addition, members would be escorted to and from court each day by officials.

Judge Kogan ordered these conditions at the request of the prosecution. Kogan said the continued violence and widespread reach of the cartel, to which prosecutors have linked Garcia Luna, makes it reasonably likely that jurors would fear for their safety if they were not guaranteed anonymity.

After the jury has formed, the prosecutor and Garcia Luna’s attorney, Cesar de Castro, will present their opening arguments before moving on to witness testimony.

At the end of that process, the jury will enter deliberations and reach a unanimous verdict on each of the charges facing Garcia Luna.

During Chapo Guzmán’s trial, the jury was also anonymous and partially segregated.

Guzmán was convicted and sentenced to life in prison in 2019, and is serving his sentence in a maximum security federal prison in Colorado.

Garcia Luna With Then President Felipe Calderon.

Garcia Luna with then President Felipe Calderon.


According to prosecutors, several witnesses, including several drug traffickers and former members of the Sinaloa Cartel, and Mexican government officials would testify about bribes paid to García Luna in exchange for his protection.

Although, for security reasons, the identities of the witnesses will not be revealed to the public in advance, the prosecution is expected to present several cooperating witnesses, some of whom are likely to have testified in the case against El Chapo. Like Jesus “El King” Zambada.

Zambada, a former Sinaloa Cartel operative, testified during the trial against Guzmán that on two occasions he delivered suitcases containing millions of dollars to García Luna.

Other possible witnesses who have been named in press reports include Edgar Valdez Villarreal, aka “La Barbie”, Iván Reyes Arzate, better known as “La Reina”, and even Chapo. There is also his wife, Emma Coronel.

Coronel is currently serving a three-year sentence in a United States prison for her husband’s involvement in drug trafficking activities. He is to be released in September.

César de Castro, García Luna’s lawyer, has said that the government will present cartel witnesses who have made false accusations in retaliation.


As occurred during the trial against Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzmán, expect potentially explosive confessions that could implicate other Mexican officials.

In addition, it is hoped that it will shed more light on the inner workings of drug cartels, the violence they perpetrate and the level of corruption that often sustains them.

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Desk
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