Wednesday, December 07, 2022

The United States warns about enterovirus D68: what is it and what are its risks

Last August, the United States registered Increase in hospital admissions for respiratory illness, Weeks later and after various studies, they announced that it was a virus called Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68). As a result of this statement, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued an alert on September 9.

This is a virus that Usually affects children and in some cases can cause muscle weakness or paralysis, It is thought to be a respiratory disease that in most cases causes mild symptoms similar to the common cold, but sometimes a severe polio-like neurological condition called acute flaccid myelitis (AFM).

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According to the CDC, EV-D68, which was first identified in California in 1962, One of more than 100 types of non-polio enteroviruses, Non-polio enteroviruses such as EV-D68 are considered very common and most infections cause no or only mild symptoms.

According to the CDC the symptoms are:

  • fever.
  • running nose.
  • Sneeze
  • tow.
  • Acne.
  • Blisters in the mouth
  • Body and muscle pain.

Enteroviruses have the ability to infect at any time of the year, however, their infection is more common in summer and autumn. In 2014, EV-D68 caused an outbreak of cases in the country, with about 10% of people diagnosed developing AFM. Since then, CDC Closely related spikes have been recorded in EV-D68 and AFM cases After two years trend.

In early September, there were 13 cases of US citizens infected with AFM in five states. In addition, the CDC is investigating 20 more cases. Center after registering positive He has asked health officials to be aware of children That they come for consultation with symptoms similar to this virus, as well as weakness in the limbs.

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According to the CDC, infants, children and adolescents are more likely to be infected and sick with enteroviruses. this is because not yet acquired immunity from previous exposure to these viruses. The same is believed to be true of the EV-D68. Adults can be infected with enteroviruses, but they are more likely to have no symptoms or mild symptoms.

loss Children suffering from asthma may be at higher risk Due to severe respiratory illness caused by infection with enterovirus D68.

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