(CNN) – The first 2022 report from London-based global citizenship and residency advisory firm Henley & Partners noted that when it comes to freedom of travel, there is a wide gap between the global north and the global south.
It added that there is a wide global mobility gap in the index’s 16-year history as a result of the increase in travel barriers introduced during the COVID pandemic.
The index does not take into account temporary restrictions, so excluding actual current travel access, passport holders at the top of its ranking – Japan and Singapore – are able, in theory, to travel visa-free to 192 destinations. ,
It has 166 more destinations than Afghan nationals, who sit at the bottom of the index of 199 passports, and can enter only 26 countries without an advance visa requirement.
Further down the top 10, the rankings remain virtually unchanged as we enter the first quarter of 2022. South Korea is in second place with Germany (with a score of 190) and Finland, Italy, Luxembourg and Spain all together in third place. (with a score of 189).
EU countries dominate the top of the list as always, with France, the Netherlands and Sweden moving up one place to join Austria and Denmark in fourth place (with a score of 188). Ireland and Portugal are in fifth place (with a score of 187).
The United States and the United Kingdom, which together took the top spot in 2014, have gained a bit of ground. They are ranked 6th in a ranking alongside four other countries with a history of separatism or neutrality: Switzerland, Norway, Belgium and New Zealand.
At number 7 we have Australia, Canada, Czech Republic, Greece and Malta. The rest of the Eastern European countries are in the top 10. Hungary and Poland have moved up to eighth, Lithuania and Slovakia have climbed to number 9, and Estonia, Latvia and Slovenia are in tenth place.
Germany has the highest ranking European passport.
Alex Grimm / Getty Images
positive inward migration
The latest report said the appearance of the Omicron edition late last year highlighted a growing divide in international dynamics between rich countries and poor, pointing primarily to the tough sanctions introduced against African countries Which is described by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres. Similar to “Apartheid Journey”.
Pandemic aside, the level of overall travel freedom has expanded significantly over the past few decades. The Henley Passport Index in 2006 found that, on average, a person can visit 57 countries without obtaining an advance visa. Today, that number is 107—nearly double that.
However, these new freedoms are mainly enjoyed by Europe, North America and wealthy Asian countries – passport holders from countries such as Angola, Cameroon and Laos are only able to enter 50.
Henley & Partners president and creator of the Passport Index concept, Christian H. Kelin says opening up migration channels will be crucial for post-pandemic recovery. “Passports and visas are among the most important tools affecting social inequality around the world because they determine opportunities for global mobility,” he says. “The limits within which we are born, and the documents we are entitled to keep, are no less arbitrary than the color of our skin. Efforts to help prosperous states redistribute and rebalance human and material resources around the world There is a need to encourage positive inward migration.
The best passports to hold in 2022 are:
1. Japan, Singapore (192 destinations)
2. Germany, South Korea (190)
3. Finland, Italy, Luxembourg, Spain (189)
4. Austria, Denmark, France, Netherlands, Sweden (188)
5. Ireland, Portugal (187)
6. Belgium, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States (186)
7. Australia, Canada, Czech Republic, Greece, Malta (185)
8. Poland, Hungary (183)
9. Lithuania, Slovakia (182)
10. Estonia, Latvia, Slovenia (181)
worst passport to hold
Visa-free or visa-on-arrival access is available in less than 40 countries in many countries around the world. This includes:
104. North Korea (39 destinations)
105. Nepal and the Palestinian Territories (37)
106. Somalia (34)
107. Yemen (33)
108. Pakistan (31)
109. Syria (29)
110. Iraq (28)
111. Afghanistan (26)
The Henley & Partners list is one of several indexes created by financial firms to rank global passports according to the access they provide to their citizens.
The Henley Passport Index ranks 199 passports according to the number of destinations their holders can reach without a prior visa. It is updated in real time throughout the year, as and when changes in visa policy are implemented.
Its 2022 index is topped by the United Arab Emirates, with a visa-free/visa-on-arrival score of 160.