The Presidents of Mexico, the United States and the Prime Minister of Canada pledged during the X Summit of North American Leaders to strengthen the security, prosperity, stability and integration of the region through six pillars; Here we explain each agreement reached at the National Palace.
Diversity, Equity and Inclusion
In a statement, the federal government indicated that Presidents Andrés Manuel López Obrador, Joe Biden and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau are committed to providing marginalized communities with opportunities for full, equitable and meaningful participation in democracies and economies.
The text indicates, “They reiterated their joint commitment to protecting civil rights, promoting racial justice, expanding protections for LGBTIQ+ people, and providing more equitable outcomes for all.”
Innovative and sustainable solutions will be fostered with Indigenous peoples that respect traditional knowledge, drive development and promote job creation in the communities they serve.
“We will continue our collaboration through the Tripartite Task Force on Violence Against Indigenous Women and Girls to build societies where Indigenous women and girls can live, learn and lead without fear.”
climate change and environment
The three North American leaders agreed that swift and coordinated action must be taken to confront the climate crisis and respond to its consequences.
Meeting at the National Palace, they committed to exploring standards to develop hydrogen as a regional source of clean energy.
“We will act quickly to accelerate the energy transition by implementing clean energy solutions, increasing the adoption and production of zero-emission vehicles in North America, and transitioning to cleaner fuels.”
López Obrador, Biden and Trudeau pledged to deepen regional capacity to attract high-quality investment, foster innovation and strengthen the economies’ resilience, recognizing the benefits USMCA brings.
“To support innovation, job creation and workforce development, the three governments are committed to working with the private sector, civil society, labor and academia across North America to promote high-quality entrepreneurship. Technology, small and promoting medium-sized businesses, as well as strengthening technical education,” the Mexican government statement said.
Migration and Development
The North American leaders reaffirmed their joint commitment to safe, orderly and humane migration under the Los Angeles Declaration on Migration and Protection and other relevant multilateral frameworks.
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This includes helping host communities and promoting the integration of migrants and refugees; providing protection for refugees, asylum seekers and vulnerable migrants; strengthening refuge capacity in the region; expansion of regular migration and security routes; Addressing the root causes and effects of irregular migration and forced displacement; and cooperate to combat xenophobia as well as discrimination against migrants and refugees.
The tripartite health collaboration will focus on releasing an updated version of the North American Plan for Epidemic and Animal Influenza (NAPAPI) to improve prevention, preparedness, agility and rapid response to health emergencies in North America.
Mexico, the United States and Canada will focus on strategies to strengthen shared continental security against domestic, regional and global threats, including cyber threats.
Security cooperation includes actions to prevent illegal actors and related crimes across our shared borders, including money laundering, child sexual abuse, human trafficking and arms trafficking.
The fact of meeting together as good neighbours, in an atmosphere of respect for the good of their people, is in itself a historical event. pic.twitter.com/JBjjejsBjX
— Andres Manuel (@lopezobrador_) January 11, 2023
“We support tripartite work to address the use of precursor chemicals in the production of illicit substances in North America and to combat drug trafficking, as well as to strengthen public health approaches to prevention, harm reduction, treatment and recovery.” will increase”