Sooner or later, humans will set foot again Moon, perhaps by the middle of the decade if NASA’s Artemis program goes according to plan. One of the many preparations is to make special clothes to live there.
Since 2007, NASA has spent about $420 million on new designs of shirts without wearing them. Finally, after all those failed attempts, last month NASA announced that it had selected two companies to create the next generation of astronaut suits that could be worn to live on the Moon, even Mars. Even on the planet.
The two companies, Texas-based Axiom Space and North Carolina-based Collins Aerospace, will each independently develop a new spacesuit as part of NASA’s Exploration Extravehicular Activity Services (xEVAS) contract.
derive from scientific AmericanNASA has budgeted a total of $3.5 billion for this collaborative work by 2034, and plans to purchase suits from both companies.
Once these outfits are tested in Earth orbit, they will be used for the first Artemis landing, currently scheduled for 2025. The mission, called Artemis III, will see two astronauts, one male and one female, wearing Axiom and Collins’ outfits. Surface Moon.
“It’s a historic day for us. History will be made with this outfit when we get to the Moon,” Vanessa Wyche, director of NASA’s Johnson Space Center, said in a press conference on June 1.
Axiom and Collins’ selection was based on a selection conducted by NASA for a new spacesuit proposal because the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) organization used on the International Space Station (ISS) was too large and rigid for lunar surface exploration.
More than 40 companies signed up, including SpaceX and Blue Origin. However, only Axiom and Collins have completed submission of proposals by the December 2021 deadline.
Costume Testing for the Moon Photo: Collins Aerospace
Dress Terms on the Moon
NASA has many high standards, some of which are unprecedented. For example, clothing should not allow astronauts to hear sounds above 115 decibels, which is equivalent to the sound of a person blowing a leaf.
The fabric should also be strong enough to reduce the chance of micrometers penetrating outside. Then, learning from the Apollo 11 landing experience where astronauts had difficulty grasping the mast in the lunar sphere, the new suit included equipment to help Artemis crew members carry and set the flag.
Clothes lucky to live on the Moon Photo: Axiom Space
And stomach churning, the costume must be able to somehow clear vomit from an explorer’s eyes, nose, and mouth. Moon If they throw in their helmet.
The organization must remain functional even after being on the lunar surface for three years. This could allow astronauts to reuse discarded clothing instead of having to revisit previous landing sites on subsequent missions and bring their clothes from Earth.
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