Diabetes is a disease that occurs when the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood is too high. Glucose is the main source of energy and comes from food.
Blood sugar levels are signaled when insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps glucose from food enter cells to be used for energy. Sometimes the body doesn’t make enough of it or doesn’t use it properly, causing glucose to stay in the blood and affect health.
Although it is a chronic disease with no cure, a person with diabetes can take steps to control their condition and stay healthy., National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, USA ensures.
One of the main tools for keeping diabetes under control is diet, which involves eating healthy foods in moderation and sticking to regular meal times.
According to the Mayo Clinic Clinical Research Institute, an anti-CAD diet is a healthy eating plan that is high in nutrients and low in fat and calories. The key ingredients are fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
An eating plan for these patients not only helps control blood sugar (glucose) and heart disease risk factors, such as high blood pressure and blood fats, but is also important for weight loss.
When people consume excess calories and fat, the body produces an unwanted increase in blood sugar. For most people with type 2 diabetes, weight loss is important for controlling blood sugar levels and provides many additional health benefits.
What is included in a diabetes diet?
A diabetes diet is based on eating three meals a day at regular times. It helps to make better use of the insulin that the body makes or receives through a medicine.
With the help of a nutritionist, diets can be tailored based on each individual’s health objectives, tastes, and lifestyle. It is also important to assess and modify eating habits, such as choosing portions that meet the needs of height and activity level.
A diabetes diet should include healthy carbohydrates, high-fiber foods, fish and good fats. According to experts, sugars (simple carbohydrates) and starches (complex carbohydrates) break down into glucose in the blood during digestion. Therefore, the ideal is to consume fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, such as beans and peas, and low-fat dairy products, such as milk and cheese.
Products rich in fiber should also be included in the diet, as it regulates the way the body digests food and helps control blood sugar levels. It can be found in fruits, nuts, legumes and whole grains.
On the other hand, eating fish is healthy for the heart and it is ideal to have it at least twice a week. Fish such as salmon, mackerel, tuna and sardines are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which may prevent heart disease. It is important to avoid fried fish and fish that contain high levels of mercury, such as king mackerel.
Foods that contain monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats can help lower cholesterol levels. Some of them are avocados, nuts, and canola, olive, and peanut oils. However, it is advised not to exaggerate its intake as all fats are high in calories.
foods to avoid
Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease and stroke by accelerating the development of clogged and hardened arteries. There are foods that are not recommended for people with diabetes, including:
– saturated fats: Full-fat dairy products and animal proteins, such as butter, beef, hot dogs, sausage, and bacon. Also limit coconut and palm oil.
– Trans Fats: Trans fats found in processed and baked goods, butter and stick margarine should be avoided.
– Cholesterol: Sources of cholesterol include dairy products and high-fat animal proteins, egg yolks, liver and other organ meats.
– Sodium: Try to consume less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium a day if the person has high blood pressure.