Iron is a fundamental mineral in the human diet because it is associated with multiple functions, such as the correct production of red blood cells, which are responsible for carrying pain to the organs and tissues of the body.
So when people start to have iron deficiency, they can present with multiple health complications. When the condition is persistent, iron deficiency is called anemia.
Iron deficiency anemia for iron deficiency, as the name suggests. Without the necessary iron, the body cannot produce sufficient amounts of hemoglobin, the substance in red blood cells that allows them to carry oxygen. As a result, iron deficiency anemia can make you tired and short of breath,” Mayo Clinic, a medical institution in the United States.
Among the signs and symptoms that a person suffering from iron deficiency anemia may experience, the Mayo Clinic mentions extreme fatigue, constant weakness, pale skin, chest pain, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, dizziness, lightheadedness, cold hands and feet, swollen or sore hands, cold or feet, and nails breaking easily.
Patients may also experience several specific symptoms, such as unusual cravings for inexplicable substances, such as ice, dirt, and starch. Especially in children, the source of medicine advises that there is no lack of appetite.
Likewise, it refers to the various causes of this anemia that can drive many cases.
First of all, he suggests that he may have an iron deficiency due to blood loss. “The blood contains iron in the red blood cells.” If you lose blood, you lose some iron. Women with heavy periods are at risk of iron deficiency anemia because they lose blood during the menstrual period. Slow and continuous blood loss within the body (for example, from a peptic ulcer, hiatal hernia, colon polyp, or colorectal cancer) can cause iron deficiency anemia.
Lack of appetite can be associated with anemia in children and infants. – Photo: Getty Images
There are also other causes that are less dangerous and easier to correct, such as a lack of iron-rich foods in the diet. In these cases it is enough to increase the intake of various meats, eggs and leafy vegetables.
On the other hand, a medical source indicates that there are people who consume the necessary iron in their diet, but may experience problems.
“Intestinal disorders that affect the intestine’s ability to absorb nutrients from digested food, such as celiac disease, can cause iron deficiency anemia. If you’ve had an intestinal bypass or a portion of your small intestine removed by hand, your ability to absorb iron and other nutrients is affected,” adds the Mayo Clinic.
Treat iron deficiency
Once a medical professional has diagnosed a person with low iron in their body, several strategies will work to counter this condition.
“Treatment can include iron supplements and iron-rich foods. Iron supplements (usually ferrous sulfate) build up the body’s iron stores. Most of the time, your provider will measure your iron level before you start taking supplements,” advises Medline Plus, the encyclopedia of the US National Library of Medicine.
In the event that a person cannot take it orally because of multiple health conditions that prevent it, an alternative is through an injection that is applied intravenously or intramuscularly.
“Pregnant and lactating women need to take extra iron, as it often cannot be satisfied from a normal diet,” notes the doctor.
Pregnant women may be more prone to iron deficiency anemia. – Photo: Getty Images
It is also important to tell patients carefully when they consume large amounts of iron, as excess is very negative for health.
“Too much iron is toxic to your body. Iron supplements can also cause poisoning. Some people suffer from a disease called hemochromatosis. This disease causes too much iron to accumulate in the body,” explains Medline Plus.