(Nation World News) — Although the Supreme Court last week issued two of the current legislature’s most important opinions, turning a precedent of nearly 50 years on abortion and expanding gun rights for the first time in a decade, this hugely successful legislature is far from over.
Four lawsuits still have to be decided, and proposals will be announced on Wednesday morning.
A look at what’s left:
Immigration: “Stay in Mexico”
Judges are considering whether the Biden administration could end a Trump-era border policy called “Stay in Mexico.” Lower courts have so far restrained Biden from terminating the policy.
Under an unprecedented program launched in 2019, the Department of Homeland Security may deport certain non-Mexican citizens who enter the United States or release them to the United States instead of deporting them back to Mexico while they proceed with their immigration proceedings. are waiting.
Critics have called the policy dehumanizing, saying it exposes asylum seekers with credible claims of dangerous and pathetic conditions. The case raises questions not only about immigration law, but also about the president’s control over politics and his diplomatic relations with neighboring countries.
Climate change: EPA’s authorization to regulate emissions from power plants
Judges will decide a case on the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) authority to regulate carbon emissions from existing power plants, in a dispute that could hurt the Biden administration’s efforts to reduce emissions. This comes at a time when scientists are warning about a faster rate of global warming.
The court’s decision to intervene in the matter worried environmentalists as no rules were in place.
A lower court struck down the Trump-era rule in 2021, and the Biden administration’s EPA is currently working on a new rule.
But the fact that it has now received enough votes to address the issue has struck some as an offensive concession, indicating that the courts were already within the scope of the EPA’s authority before a new law was on the books. wants to limit.
Congress’s Battle Powers: Job Security for Veterans
In another dispute, the court may undermine employment security for ex-servicemen. Le Roy Torres, a veteran and former employee of the Texas Department of Public Security, told the state agency that he could no longer work as a state soldier and sought comparable work to accommodate a disability associated with his service. When he was denied a job, he sued under a federal law designed to protect the reemployment rights of returning veterans.
But Texas counters that states are immune from these types of lawsuits brought under the federal Uniformed Service Employment and Employment Rights Act, passed under Congress’s War Powers Act. Now, the court will face the authority of Congress to decide when to prosecute it, along with a state’s ability to provide national defense. The ruling could affect thousands of active duty and reserve service members across the country who work for state agencies.
native american land
Victor Manuel Castro-Huerta, a non-Native American man, was convicted of child neglect in a case involving his stepdaughter, a member of the Eastern band of the Cherokee Indians.
His sentence was overturned after the state’s appellate court said the offense was in the original area, the state lacked jurisdiction. Now the court will decide whether a state has the right to prosecute non-natives who commit crimes against natives in their area.
In 2020, in an opinion written by Justice Neil Gorsuch and joined by liberals in court, the majority held that Oklahoma did not have jurisdiction to prosecute a Native American who committed a crime on the native land.