Thursday, February 2, 2023

They approve the first treatment done with feces in the United States, how does it work and what is it for?

An impressive treatment to stop a deadly disease is being trialled around the world and has been approved in the United States.

is about Rebiota, the first human fecal microbiota treatment for the prevention of infection Clostridioides difficile (CDI) recurring, A potentially fatal disease that causes diarrhea and inflammation of the colon.

The treatment was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for people over the age of 18, with 15 to 30,000 deaths a year associated with the disease in the United States. There are

People can suffer from this disease when the intestinal tract, which contains millions of microorganisms (known as intestinal flora), becomes disturbed. Therefore, taking antibiotics can change the rhythm of the intestinal flora.

The FDA said, “This allows CDI to multiply and release toxins that cause diarrhea, abdominal pain and fever, and in some cases lead to organ failure and even death. “

Even then, Most likely to suffer from this disease are people over the age of 65 who have a weakened immune system due to their advanced age. and is more likely to be a previous case of CDI.

,People may get repeated infections, often several times, a condition known as recurrent CDI.”, argued the FDA, noting that administration of fecal microbiota may restore intestinal flora and thus prevent new episodes of CDI.

Rebyota was evaluated in clinical studies in the United States and Canada, where It was made from feces donated by healthy people who had been tested for certain communicable pathogens.

This treatment is given rectally and has a single dose. The product is from Ferring Pharmaceutical Company where This is a group of beneficial bacteria that will work in the intestine and that will be implanted through the enema.

“This is a much-needed new treatment that offers hope to the thousands of people who experience recurrent C. difficile infections each year. This has the potential to impact not only patients and caregivers, but the healthcare system as well.said Brent Ragans, president of Ferring Pharmaceuticals.

This medicine works by replenishing good gut bacteria through samples of microbes distilled from the stool of healthy donors.

On his part, Peter Marks, MD, PhD, director of the FDA’s Center for Biological Evaluation and Research, announced that ,Recurrent CDI affects a person’s quality of life and can even be life-threatening. As the first fecal microbiota product FDA-approved, today’s action represents an important milestone because it provides an additional approved option for preventing recurrent CDI.”

to test its effectiveness A study was needed where 177 adults were given a treatment dose, while 85 were given a placebo dose, 39 who received one dose of Rebiota and one dose of placebo, and another 43 adults who received two doses of placebo.

According to the FDA, “The estimated overall success rate in preventing recurrent CDI over 8 weeks was significantly higher in the Rebiota group (70.6%) than in the placebo group (57.5%).,

This means that eight weeks after application, the absence of diarrhea caused by CDI was observed, but the adverse reactions this treatment may cause in humans are still unknown. Even then, The drug is approved for adult patients who have already completed a course of antibiotics.

What causes diarrhea?

In some patients no cause of diarrhea is found. However, in others It is introduced by certain contaminants or factors such as drugs and diseases. In the words of the Mayo Clinic, these are the most common:

  • Contamination by bacteria in food or water.
  • Viruses such as flu, norovirus or rotavirus. Rotavirus is the most common cause of acute diarrhea in children.
  • Parasite: Small organisms found in contaminated food or water.
  • Medicines such as antibiotics, anticancer drugs and antacids that contain magnesium.
  • Food intolerance and sensitivity: Problems digesting certain ingredients or foods, such as lactose intolerance.
  • stomach diseases, small intestine or colon, such as Crohn’s disease.
  • Colon function problems, such as irritable bowel syndrome.
  • Some abdominal surgeries.

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Desk
Nation World News is the fastest emerging news website covering all the latest news, world’s top stories, science news entertainment sports cricket’s latest discoveries, new technology gadgets, politics news, and more.
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