Although all dogs are good people, there are some that are particularly adept at coping cognitive tasks. so far it was believed border Collie is that smartest dog breedBut a new study found a new winner: the belga priest,
In new research from the University of Helsinki, which involved more than a thousand dogs of 13 different breeds, a Battery of tests that measure cognitive ability of dogs in a wide range of functions such as:
- interpret human gestures
- ability to learn from people
- impulse control
- problem solving
- memory and behavior
- logical thinking
loss belgian shepherd They are a popular choice for security work. According to the study, his affinity for crime detection and identifying targets for searches may be related to his extraordinary abilities. solve problems,
“This was the highest performance in the test conditions that relied on the dogs’ interpretation of human gestures.”
First place for the Belgian shepherd, the most intelligent breed of dog, revealed in other tests?
Although the Belgian Shepherd was smartest dog breedThe border Collie He scored well in most of the tests. However, Collies was edged out by 9 points by the Belgian, who recorded 35 out of a possible 39 during the cognition tests.
Authors of the study published in Nature Scientific ReportsIn , Sarah Juntilla explained that not all dogs score equally on all tasks. In an interview with the newspaper the author said, “Each caste has its own strengths and weaknesses.” wire,
“Labradors, for example, are very good at interpreting people’s gestures, but their spatial ability to solve problems is limited.”
The researchers concluded that breed function may explain some of the cognitive strengths sheepdogs and retrievers score high on human-directed behavioral tasks. However, this could not explain all the differences between breeds, as some dogs’ cognitive scores were outside what might be expected of them, such as Finnish Lapphundwho performed poorly on a human-directed task despite being a herding dog.
Experts caution about the study, that the dogs examined are not representative of the entire canine population, but believe the research contributes to a more complete picture of each breed’s specific behavior.