Wednesday, December 07, 2022

They order the publication of Jewish documents from the Pius XII Archives.

ROME ( Associated Press) – Pope Francis has ordered the publication online of 170 volumes of Jewish documents from Pope Pius XII’s recently opened archives, the Vatican announced Thursday, sparking debate over the World War II pontiff’s memory. outright.

The documentation includes 2,700 requests for help to the Vatican from Jewish groups and families, many of whom had converted to Catholicism and stopped practicing Judaism. Documents related to the Secretary of State’s collection include requests for Pope’s intervention to stop Nazi deportation, gain independence from a concentration camp, or help find relatives.

Debate has resumed over the memory of Pius XII since the archives were opened in 2020, of which the “Jewish” category is a small part. The Vatican has always defended the pope from criticism from Jewish groups that he remained silent in the face of the Holocaust, arguing that his quiet diplomacy saved many lives.

A book citing a recently opened archives, “The Pope at War” by award-winning historian David Kurtzer, suggests that the Vatican was most interested in saving those who converted to Jewish Catholicism, children of mixed marriages, or anyone else. Kind of related were Catholics.

Kertzer argues that Pius XII was reluctant to intervene in the defense of Jews or publicly condemn Nazi atrocities, lest he succumb to the wrath of Adolf Hitler or the Italian fascist dictator Benito Mussolini.

The Vatican’s foreign minister, Paul Gallagher, expressed hope that the digital publication of “Jewish” documents would help researchers, but also the descendants of those who sought help from the Vatican, “to find traces from any part of their loved ones.” For “world”.

In an article in the Vatican’s daily L’Osservatore Romano, Gallagher said the documentation included pleas for help but little information on the results.

“Each of these requests constituted a case, which, once processed, was intended to be archived in a documentary series called ‘Jews’,” he wrote.

Gallagher wrote, “The requests went to the Secretary of State, where diplomatic channels attempted to provide all possible assistance, taking into account the complexity of the political situation in the global context.”

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