The General Assembly of the United Nations Organization (UN), in its resolution of December 22, 2015, declared on February 11 to recognize the important role women in the areas of Science and Technology.
Within the framework of this day, women from San Luis Potosí are recognized who were pioneers in science. Scientific and Literary Institute, currently known as the Autonomous University of San Luis Potosí (UASLP), opened its doors to women in 1868.
At the end of the 19th century, the National School of Medicine received first generation of women To prepare to become a doctor. In these lines were the students of Potosi who stood outside.
Maria Castro de Amarena (1889–1950) was the first person to graduate from Potosí with the title of surgeon from the Scientific and Literary Institute in 1911, a career he practiced at the Civil Hospital of San Luis Potosí and the Children’s Hospital.
By 1915, she had moved to Mexico City, where she worked at the Peralvillo Clinic and was a consultant at the Institute of Scientific Research of the Ministry of Public Education.
Other women pioneers of science in San Luis Potosi Esther Cuellar Vazquezwho was the first woman to graduate as a chemistry assayer in 1928. While the first chemist in the state was Catalina R ZubiagaGraduated in 1932.
In addition, Potosina in 1928 mathilde rodriguez cabo guzman He graduated from the National School of Medicine, later traveling to Germany with a scholarship from the Alexander von Humboldt Society to specialize in psychiatry at the University of Berlin.
He was appointed head of the Child Psychiatry Pavilion at the “La Castañeda” General Asylum and director of the “Juan N. Navarro” Children’s Psychiatric Hospital, in addition to translating the works Carl Jung why Sigmund Freud German to Spanish.