Al-Qaeda is the organization responsible for the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 in the United States, which left almost 3,000 dead after commercial planes hit the Twin Towers in New York, the Pentagon and a field in Pennsylvania.
This extremist organization was born in 1986 founded by Osama Bin Laden. Its main goal is to overthrow the governments of the Middle East and the Muslim world. However, he declared a holy war, or Jihad, against the American Union.
In 1998 he planted bombs in the US embassies in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. In addition, he carried out a suicide bombing attack against the military ship USS Cole in Aden, Yemen, in 2000.
What is the Meaning of Al-Qaeda in Arabic?
The name Al-Qaeda means “The Base” in Arabic. At its beginning, it was made up of former members of the Saudi volunteer army, which fought against the Soviets who invaded Afghanistan in the 1980s.
This organization has established training camps for Muslim militants around the world, to provide them with paramilitary knowledge for terrorist purposes.
After 2001, this group carried out other attacks in Jordan, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Turkey, United Kingdom, Israel and Spain.
What happened to the Al-Qaeda group?
Osama Bin Laden, leader of Al-Qaeda, was eliminated in an attack by elite forces of the United States Army on May 2, 2011 at his security complex in Abbottabad, Pakistan.
On June 16 of that year, Al-Qaeda reported that Ayman al Zawahiri, Bin Laden’s deputy, was the new leader of the terrorist organization.
However, many members left to form a new, more violent group, known as the Islamic State in Iraq and Sham, known as ISIS, or Daesh, as young recruits considering that Al-Qaeda only talks about messages, but does not pass on more aggressive actions, as it has done in recent years in the Middle East.