Diabetes is a disease that can cause serious health effects. In case of receiving a diagnosis of this condition, it is important to start medical treatment in a timely manner.
“It is a leading cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke and lower limb amputation,” says the World Health Organization.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) explains that when high glucose levels become elevated they can have negative effects on the brain.
“Just as diabetes can cause nerve damage in the eyes, feet and hands, it can also affect the brain by damaging nerves and blood vessels.”
These effects in the brain can cause problems such as:
- Memory problem.
- learning problem.
Plus, this damage can lead to mood swings, weight gain, and hormonal changes. Therefore, it is important to strictly follow the instructions of the doctor treating the case
People with certain types of diabetes may suffer from various health complications and mental health-related conditions, such as depression, which means more than being sad.
“People with diabetes are 2 to 3 times more likely to develop depression than people without diabetes. Only 25-50% of people with diabetes who have depression are diagnosed and treated. Treatment—either therapy, medication, or both—is usually very effective. And without treatment, depression often gets worse, not better,” notes the CDC.
Medline Plus, The United States National Library of Medicine website lists symptoms that may warn of possible depression:
Warning signs of depression in an adult:
- Say statements like “I’m leaving or I want to kill myself”, “I would like to die”.
- Talk about suicide.
- Buy things like rope, pills etc. to attempt suicide.
- Avoiding social contact and wanting to be alone.
- Experiencing mood swings, such as going from elated one day to deeply depressed the next.
- worry about death
- Feeling hopeless or helpless in a situation.
- Increase consumption of alcohol or drugs.
- Suffering from changes in normal routine, for example, changes in eating and sleeping times.
- Taking risky or self-destructive actions, such as driving too fast or recklessly.
- Giving away goods or abandoning material matters without logical reasons for doing so.
- Say goodbye to people as if the farewell were final.
- Having personality changes or becoming overly anxious or agitated, especially when experiencing some of the warning signs listed above.
If any symptoms are observed in a person, it is advised to talk to the person and motivate him/her to seek psychological help.
Although this is a common condition in people with this disease, it is important to avoid it. As explained by Medline Plus, the US National Library of Medicine, this damage is known as diabetic neuropathy, which “can cause numbness, tingling, pain, or loss of sensation in the feet.”
Because the person cannot feel pain, they may not realize that they have a cut, sore or blister on their foot. This wound can become infected and may not heal properly because the damaged blood vessels can lead to poor blood flow to the legs. As a result, it can lead to gangrene and the muscles and tissues can die. In this regard, in order to avoid greater risks, doctors must resort to amputation. In some cases, they may amputate fingers or part of a foot.
Sanitas, a health organization, lists the symptoms of diabetic foot as:
- loss of sensitivity.
- Tingling or burning sensation.