Ticks and other almost invisible threats that can be deadly

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Ticks and other almost invisible threats that can be deadly

In recent days, many cases of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (MRSF) have been reported. MRSF is a disease caused by a bacteria called Rickettsia, which is transmitted by the bite of infected ticks. However, this is not the only virus of this type.

This disease can cause severe symptoms such as fever, headache, rash, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, muscle pain, and neurological problems, and if not treated in time, it can. cause death in 20% of cases.

FMMR is one of the many diseases that can occur by transmitting insects or parasitic organisms that live at the expense of others and that can cause harm to human health.

Some of these diseases are well known, such as malaria, leishmaniasis, or the disease of Chagas, but others are less common or emerging and may go unnoticed until outbreaks or epidemics occur.

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Malaria or malaria

It is a disease caused by protozoa of the genus Plasmodium, which is transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes.

Malaria affects red blood cells and causes fever, chills, headaches, nausea, vomiting, anemia, and breathing problems.

This parasitic disease causes the most deaths in the world, with more than 400,000 per year, especially in Africa.

It is a disease caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania, which is passed on by a fly bitten by contaminated sand.

Leishmaniasis can affect the skin, mucous membranes, or internal organs, causing ulcers, inflammation, weight loss, fever, anemia, and liver, spleen, or kidney damage.

It is estimated that there are between 700,000 and 1 million new cases every year, and about 20,000 to 30,000 people die from this disease.

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It is a disease caused by a protozoan called Trypanosoma cruzi, which is transmitted by the bite of infested bed bugs through blood transfusions, organ transplants, congenital infections, or by consuming contaminated food.

Chagas disease can cause fever, swollen glands, an enlarged heart, arrhythmias, heart failure, and digestive and neurological problems.

It is estimated that there are between 6 and 7 million people infected in the world, and about 10,000 die every year from this disease.

It is a disease caused by flatworms in the genre Schistosoma that is transmitted through contact with contaminated fresh water through the worm.

Schistosomiasis affects the urinary system or digestive system and causes pain, bleeding, inflammation, fibrosis, obstruction, secondary infection, and cancer.

It is estimated that more than 200 million people are infected in the world, and about 200,000 die every year from this disease.

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It is a disease caused by a roundworm called Onchocerca volvuluswhich is transmitted by the bite of infected black fly.

Onchocerciasis affects the skin and eyescauses itching, rashes, nodules, blindness, disability and social stigma.

It is estimated that there are a few 20.9 million people were infected in the world, and that about 1.15 million suffer blindness or visual impairment for this disease.

These diseases transmitted by insects or parasites represent a serious health problems public, especially in developing countries, where living conditions, access to prevention, diagnosis and treatment are limited.

In addition, climate change, deforestation, urbanization, trade, tourism and migration will be favorable emergence and spread of these diseases in new areas or populations.