The completion of Title 42 in the United States has sparked a turf war between Republicans and Democrats, which will be key to future immigration laws in the United States
This Friday the United States began a new chapter in its immigration rules, with the completion of Title 42, which governed the borders of the North American giant in the time of the pandemic.
The measure, which was issued on March 20, 2020, was justified by officials from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on the basis of preventing the spread of Covid-19.
In essence, the order gave border officials the power to expel people who “potentially represent a health risk,” either because of travel restrictions previously announced by the government or to “avoid medical screening measures.” Due to illegal entry into the territory on purpose. ,
For more than two years, border agents were able to promptly expel all persons entering Mexico or Canada’s borders, with unaccompanied migrant minors being exempt from these actions.
On April 1, 2022, the CDC reported that the measure would be withdrawn, as it was no longer necessary, but various political movements pushed Title 42 to extend its validity until this Friday, May 12, when Title 8, the Barack Obama administration developed during , with which the former president deported more than three million people over eight years, although there will be some amendments.
A decision that is viewed favorably by Catherine Russell, the executive director of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). “Migrant children and adolescents have the right to request asylum, be protected from harm and be with their families,” the philosopher says in a statement from the institution.
“UNICEF hopes that the removal of restrictions on access to asylum for public health reasons imposed at the border between the United States and Mexico under Title 42 will help restore and protect those rights,” the organization’s chief They say.
The title was one of 42 central issues during the midterm elections in the United States. “House Republicans [baja] They stand with our brave Border Patrol agents on the front lines of this crisis, and we demand that the Biden Administration reverse its decision to repeal Title 42 and fully enforce our nation’s immigration and border security laws. Do. A statement issued in April 2022.
a position that, at the time, was shared by Democratic senators from Arizona, Georgia, Nevada and New Hampshire, who accused Biden of not planning enough to deal with the increase in immigration that would nullify Title 42.
Former Nevada governor, Democrat Steve Sisolak, released a letter in which he warned the president about the “humanitarian crisis” that repealing the rules would entail without a “comprehensive plan” to deal with the surge in migrants.
It’s a debate that hasn’t died down, with Republican congressmen announcing last Thursday that they are ready to approve the limit proposal.
Resolution 2, called the Border Security Act of 2023, seeks to restart construction of a wall between the United States and Mexico as proposed by the Donald Trump administration.
,[Esta ley] It will provide real, well-intentioned solutions to restore order on the Southwest Border, enhance our national security, and most importantly, protect unaccompanied minors, which the Administration has refused to acknowledge and act on. has failed.” said Republican Congressman Mario Díaz-Balart this week. Although the White House said in a statement that the bill “does nothing to address the root causes of migration, undermines human security, and restricts legal avenues that are important options for illegal entry,” so it is unlikely that Biden will veto him if he gets into office.
The bill also proposes to increase the number of Border Patrol agents and institute new changes to current immigration law, seeking to “expedite the asylum process”.
On the other side of the political spectrum, proposals are also being developed that seek to calm the migration crisis. The independent senator, who previously belonged to the Democratic Party, Kirsten Sinema, has spent months seeking support for approval of legislation that maintains the spirit of Title 42, but does not rely on a health emergency.
In short, Sinema intends to introduce legislation that gives the Biden administration the ability to deport irregular immigrants through an expedited process for two more years. ,[Esta ley] It will give the Biden administration ample time to do what it should have done in recent years, which is to properly prepare, and it will give Congress the space and time to take action to reform our asylum laws and take back control. Will also provide a possibility. limit”, said the senator in a statement.
The struggle is not limited to Washington, as various states have already announced that they will tighten their immigration laws following the repeal of Title 42, some notable cases being: Florida, Texas and Arizona.