In the transition from linear to circular economy, industrial recycling emerges as an essential actor. Through the establishment of circular economy, sustainability is one of the biggest challenges facing the society. Therefore, utilizing the appropriate use of information technology (IT) in production processes helps to generate clean industries that give way to product life cycles designed to be reused and recycled.
The industrial sector is one of them that generates the largest amount of waste, so it is necessary to monitor and better manage the waste generated during the production and consumption process. For this reason, the role of information technology will allow a better and more strategic analysis of the situation based on data management in both production processes and consumption of products.
The use of information technology in industrial recycling therefore helps to meet the objectives of the circular economy, among other things, by providing accurate collection information for recycling. It is about linking the poles of reverse logistics with traditional logistics, which will be achieved only with industry 4.0 related systems.
The deployment of information technologies applicable to industry presents many opportunities for assimilation of state-of-the-art information systems. One of them is Vision technology, which makes it possible to better locate and select recycled components, which are usually dumped on huge conveyor belts to go through the processes of washing, disinfection and transformation into pellets, an economical and sustainable Biofuels that can be used. , for example, in home heating. These systems also store and transfer information to a central data system, which allows operators or line managers to use them to generate alerts, analyze or make decisions.
already have projects big Data Which helps determine trends based on the type of waste consumed, the level of elimination of multilayer polymers and monitoring the life cycle of a product until its recycling is incorporated into a new one. It’s about having more control over the entire garbage selection process, which makes garbage collection and transformation even more efficient.
They are systems that, for example, analyze filling containers in different municipalities in Spain, or follow collection information in real time, or classify materials in recycling plants.
Proposals of this nature, based on information systems and data analysis, plan to expand the supply chain to a circle that guarantees sustainability and, although in this case, focuses on plastic products , it also works for other types of materials, such as metals and chemical substances; Substances resulting from waste machinery, electrical equipment or electronic equipment.
These are just a few examples of projects that contribute to a circular economy within the region, as industrial recycling involves the reuse of materials and mechanical, chemical, biological or even energy waste. If consolidated into a single data management and traceability system, the (complex) cross-reference of all these processes can go a long way in creating a very profitable global circular economy in terms of consistency.
These include other references based on the use of information systems under the 4.0 environment or algorithms related to artificial intelligence, which can help achieve the efficiency sought in the recycling and reuse of materials, and ensure that the product The end of the cycle of life (from the point of view of a linear economy) is the starting point of a new cycle.
Leo Benitez He is the Director of ‘Physital’ in an Indra company, Minsat