Tuesday, January 31, 2023

Type 2 diabetes rises to nearly 60 percent in teens and young adults

Over the past 30 years, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes among the adolescent and youth population increased by 56.4 percent, from 117 cases per 100,000 residents in 1990 to 183 in 2019, according to a study published in the British Medical Journal and EL has been reviewed. Pace.

The study analyzed the evolution of the incidence of type 2 diabetes in adolescent and youth populations (15 to 39 years of age) in 204 countries during the period 1990 to 2019, based on the likelihood of them developing this chronic pathology as they recover. Chances should be low. Ages..

“As our findings suggest, early-onset type 2 diabetes is a growing public health problem,” said Fan Wang, a professor in the Department of Epidemiology at Harbin Medical University, China, School of Public Health, and one of the study authors.

Wang said that although this is a global trend, the increase in cases is particularly evident in developing countries of middle or lower-middle socioeconomic status, a situation that can be explained by social and economic changes that have introduced unhealthy habits. Have done

“For example, consumption of sugary drinks more than doubled among Mexican adolescents aged 12 to 18 between 1999 and 2006. In our study we found similar patterns of change in several countries and the proportion of comorbidities attributed to diet.” observed an increase in . soft drinks, processed meat and red meat”, the researcher reported.

One of Wang’s concerns is the impact the increased diabetes burden will have on health systems.

Earlier onset of type 2 diabetes is associated with longer duration of hyperglycemia and more rapid progression of the disease process (including severe insulin resistance and worsening pancreatic beta cell function), leading to poorer glycemic control and an increased risk of complications.

concluded.

The increase in the rate of type 2 diabetes has changed the types of diseases prevalent in these countries, as it has gone from a predominance of communicable, maternal, neonatal and nutritional diseases to an increase in non-communicable diseases and injuries.

The study shows that the disability rates and death complications associated with early-onset type 2 diabetes primarily affect women under the age of 30 in developing countries.

The consulted experts agreed that the higher prevalence among women is indicative of unequal access to health care services, which is further exacerbated when the disease occurs.

Overweight and obesity, the research found, are the main risk factors responsible for the increase in the incidence of early-onset type 2 diabetes, regardless of the country’s socioeconomic level.

Other risk factors, although with minor contributions, are air pollution from environmental particles, smoking, diets poor in fruits, and air pollution from solid fuels, depending on the type of sociodemographic index of the countries.

“Humanity is thousands and thousands of years old, but in the last 30 years we have experienced a brutal change in lifestyle, reflected above all in a sedentary lifestyle, poor diet and stress,” Cristóbal Morales, of the University Hospital said an endocrinologist. Virgin Macarena of Seville and member of the Spanish Diabetes Society (SED).

The most recent data from the World Health Organization, as of 2016, indicates that worldwide obesity rates have nearly tripled since 1975.

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Nation World News Desk
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