France and the United States, a historic alliance with many disagreements
Emmanuel Macron is visiting the United States at a time when relations with Washington are on the decline. France and the North American nation are historical allies who have helped each other at critical moments such as two world wars, but their relationship has had many disagreements in recent years. Crises such as the expulsion of NATO troops from France during the government of Charles de Gaulle, the French refusal to participate in the Iraq War in 2003 or the role of the United States in the war in Ukraine have been points throughout history that have driven these countries apart. – Is isolated. Emmanuel Macron is making a major trip to Washington this week at a time when relations between France and the United States are on the decline. Issues such as the role of the United States in the war in Ukraine, its benefits from the energy and economic crisis from this conflict or multimillion-dollar subsidies for the green transition have alienated partners from the European Union, and especially Paris. The United States is a traditional ally. Ties to the origins of the United States as a nation, as France was one of the colonists’ greatest allies in achieving independence from the United Kingdom. An event that led to relatively amicable relations during the 19th century and even during the rule of Napoleon Bonaparte, France sold the Louisiana Territory for $23 million, something that allowed the United States to double its size . Some examples of this relationship are that the United States never went to war with France or that the Statue of Liberty, one of its greatest symbols, was a gift from France in 1886. With the advent of the 20th century, attitudes that made them allies with common interests emerged, especially when Europe entered the conflict in 1914. Although the United States was initially neutral, in 1917 it went to war to protect UN interests. I entered. Kingdom and France against Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. An assist that was needed to secure victory in 1918. The United States supported France in both world wars. This support made former President Woodrow Wilson a very popular figure in France, although the position of the United States during the peace settlement and France was actually opposed, as Paris called for more harshness against Germany which this Will force the nation to pay all the expenses of the war and weaken it in future. a norm that would lead Germany into a deep economic and political crisis that would years later lead to the rise of Nazism. During the interwar period France was in charge of providing weapons in the face of the growing threat of the United States from Adolf Hitler’s Germany. But this help came late, as World War II began, with France collapsing before Germany’s advance in June 1940. At the time, the United States was not part of World War I, but as soon as it entered it in 1941, it took an active part in the fight against Nazism in Europe and Vichy France, a puppet regime in Berlin. The United States helped members of the Free French to regain their country in 1944 after the Normandy landings, and was once again instrumental to France and the United Kingdom in their victory against Nazi Germany in 1945. Furthermore, after the war, the United States helped with reconstruction. It is estimated that the North American nation provided about $5,000 million between credits and subsidies, of which $2,300 million were invested in non-refundable funds, something that made France the second country to have benefited the most from the Marshall Plan. took more advantage. France, a NATO ally that disagreed with the US leadership, thus became part of the Western Bloc during the Cold War. Both nations positioned themselves as allies against the Soviet Union and were founding members of organizations such as NATO. Within this alliance, however, the United States maintained a number of inconsistencies regarding France’s role with its colonies. And a crisis also emerged in 1956, when the United Kingdom, France, and Israel invaded Egypt following Egypt’s nationalization of the Suez Canal, and the United States forced these three countries to halt their attacks. These disagreements grew even more after the coming to power of Charles de Gaulle, who wanted to develop his own nuclear program, which did not have Washington’s approval. De Gaulle was opposed to the United States being the dominant power in the West, seeing that France was being sidelined. In his effort to create an independent defensive force, de Gaulle removed France from NATO military command and expelled coalition troops from his country. A situation that strained relations with the United States, although France’s definitive departure from the military organization never resulted in increased interest in leading the EU project together with Germany. In fact, tensions did not return until 2003, when then-French President Jacques Chirac refused to send troops to the Iraq War initiated by George Bush. The issue sparked a boycott campaign against French products in the United States, which extended to French fries, as Americans called them from ‘french fries’ – French potatoes – to ‘freedom fries’ – freedom potatoes. And although in general terms, the two countries have common objectives, such as the fight against terrorism, in recent years the relationship has again become difficult for various reasons. Some of them include the progressive deterioration of relations between former President Donald Trump and French President Emmanuel Macron or the United States’ most recent role in the war in Ukraine – with Biden already in power. France is one of the biggest defenders of Europe’s economic and military independence with respect to the United States, for this reason Macron is a great defender of building a European military and of green subsidies to the $369 billion companies started by Joe Biden. Strong critic. A strategy that Europe claims hurts its products and which, added to higher US fuel prices, could lead to a transatlantic trade war.