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Thursday, December 01, 2022

Ultra-processed foods increase risk of colorectal cancer in men by 29%

People go to supermarkets and as if it were a robot, they start placing various products in shopping carts, which contain ultra-processed foods. They are easily accessible and comfortable when preparing breakfast, lunch or dinner. However, they have many health problems. whoMen who consume higher rates of ultra-processed foods have a 29% increased risk of developing colorectal cancerAccording to a study published in the journal bmj,

A team of researchers from Tufts University and Harvard University, both in the US, has discovered a Association between high consumption of ultra-processed foods and increased risk of colorectal cancer in male population, “Colorectal cancer is most commonly affected by diet than other types,” explains lead study author and postdoctoral fellow in the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts, Lu Wang. They did not find an equal relationship among women.

Colorectal cancer is responsible for 935,173 deaths (9.4%) in 2020 Worldwide, according to the Spanish Society of Oncology. It is ahead of the liver (8.3%), abdomen (7.7%) and breast (6.9%).

Most processed meats fall under the list of highly processed foods. and are a strong risk factor for colorectal cancer, according to Lu Wang. These types of foods are high in added sugars and low in fiber, which contribute to weight gain and obesity, the latter a risk factor for getting colorectal tumors. Obesity is defined as excess fat in the body. Furthermore, it has been articulated as one of the health challenges of the 21st century. in Spain, This pathology affects 21.6% of people and one in six children and adolescents, according to the National Health Survey.

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During the investigation, the responses of more than 200,000 participants were analyzed, i.e. 159,907 women and 46,341 men; in three investigations that evaluated food intake over 25 years. Each participant received a food frequency questionnaire every four years and was asked about the frequency of consumption of over a hundred food items.

study shows Differences in women’s and men’s forms of consumption of ultra-processed foods, and potential associated cancer risk. In the case of the male population, the greatest association between colorectal cancer and this type of diet came from ready-to-eat meat, poultry or fish foods. “This includes certain meats such as sausage, bacon, ham and fish cakes,” says Wang. In addition, they found that men had a higher consumption of sugary drinks such as soda. This was linked to a greater likelihood of suffering from this type of tumor. Is.

Not all highly-processed foods carry the same level of risk in relation to colorectal cancer risk., Researchers found an inverse relationship between dairy foods, which are mostly consumed by women, such as yogurt, and the risk of getting this type of tumor. Mingyang Song, explains study co-author Zhang, assistant professor of clinical epidemiology and nutrition at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

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On the other hand, the potential role of contaminants in altering gut microbes, promoting inflammation, and forming during food processing or migrating from food packaging may also contribute to cancer risk.

researcher first have already published a study in which they identified a trend of increased consumption of ultra-processed foods among children and adolescents in the United States, Both of these investigations underscore the idea that many different groups of people may rely on these types of foods in their daily diets because of their easy accessibility and convenience. All you have to do is go to the supermarket and buy them.

Chemical processing of foods can help extend their expiration date, but many processed foods are less healthy than unprocessed options., “We need to make people aware of the risks associated with consuming unhealthy foods in moderation and make it easier for them to choose the most beneficial option,” say experts. Researchers have indicated that nutritional policies, dietary recommendations, and changes in recipes and formulas, as well as other healthy habits, improve health and reduce cancer burden, although they continue to investigate this area. Huh. “It will be important for us to continue studying the relationship between cancer and diet, as well as possible interventions to improve outcomes,” the researchers concluded.

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