Friday, September 30, 2022

UN: 828 million more people faced hunger in 2021

The United Nations on Wednesday warned that the world was failing in its efforts to eradicate hunger, as 828 million more people had too little to eat in 2021 – 150 million more than before the COVID-19 pandemic in 2019.

The State of Food Security and Nutrition report, released on Wednesday, is the collaborative effort of five UN agencies, including the Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Food Program. Their data show that the main drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition are conflict, climate change and economic shocks, combined with growing inequalities.

“The ongoing war in Ukraine, coupled with other widespread conflicts around the world, further disrupts supply chains and pushes up food, grain, fertilizer and energy prices, leading to shortages and high food price inflation,” FAO Director-General Qu Dongyu said. an information session of UN member states said.

About 2.3 billion people will not have access to adequate food by 2021. Regionally, famine continued to increase in Africa, where 278 million people were affected, in Asia, where 425 million experienced it, and in Latin America and the Caribbean, where 56.5 million people were affected.

Nearly 3.1 billion people could not afford to eat healthy food by 2020 – an increase of 112 million people over 2019. UN agencies say that number reflects the rise in food prices due to the economic impact of the pandemic and measures designed to limit It.

The report calls on governments to allocate their existing resources more efficiently to the agricultural sector, arguing that better results, such as more abundant healthy food, do not necessarily require more investment. Attention should also be paid to policies, including trade and market restrictions, that could inhibit access to quality food at affordable prices.

“Governments need to review their current support for food and agriculture to reduce hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition in all its forms,” ​​UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed said at the meeting.

FILE - Displaced people fleeing Bangassou are waiting for food distribution in the town where they found refuge, Siwa, Central African Republic, 13 February 2021.

FILE – Displaced people fleeing Bangassou are waiting for food distribution in the town where they found refuge, Siwa, Central African Republic, 13 February 2021.

She said transformative change would be the only way to get back on track to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal of eradicating global hunger by 2030 – a target that now seems far out of reach.

“Our updated projections suggest that more than 670 million people may still be hungry by 2030, far from the zero hunger target and the level it was in 2015 – the year the SDGs were agreed,” said Maximo Torero, chief economist at the FAO, said.

Ukraine impacts

Ukraine is one of the top five global grain exporters. The FAO says it supplies more than 45 million tons to the world market annually. Russia is blocking several million tonnes of Ukrainian grain in the Black Sea port of Odesa, while FAO estimates that 18 million tonnes of grain and oilseeds are in storage awaiting export.

The organization says Ukraine is expected to harvest 60 million tonnes of grain this year, but as there is a backlog, there is a lack of storage in the country.

Torero said FAO simulations show the impact of the war could increase the world’s chronic famine by 13 million people this year and 17 million next year, partly due to rising fertilizer prices and an expected global slowdown in wheat yields.

David Beasley, executive director of the World Food Program, warns that chronic and growing food insecurity threatens to push 50 million people in 45 countries closer to starvation.

“The global price increases in food, fuel and fertilizers that we are seeing as a result of the crisis in Ukraine are threatening to starve countries around the world,” he said. “The result will be global destabilization, famine and mass migration on an unprecedented scale. We must act today to prevent this looming catastrophe. “

This article is republished from – Voa News – Read the – original article.

Nation World News Desk
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