Wednesday, January 19, 2022

UN Migration Agency: COVID has ‘fundamentally changed’ mobility NWN News

GENEVA (NWN) – The coronavirus pandemic has “radically changed” dynamics around the world, the United Nations Migration Agency says, with a new report estimating an increase in the number of international migrants As long as travel and other restrictions remain in place, it is likely to remain vulnerable.

The International Organization for Migration on Wednesday released its World Migration Report 2022, a massive collection of the latest trends in all types of human movement – from people fleeing war and conflict to workers looking for jobs abroad – And a recap of the dynamics of the last two years.

The IOM points to a “dramatic increase” in internal displacement – movement within countries – caused by natural disasters, conflict and violence, such as the COVID-19 restrictions that have hit the world in the past two years since the pandemic emerged and spread. Borders have been closed sporadically throughout.

“We are witnessing a paradox never seen before in human history,” said IOM Director-General Antonio Vittorino. “While billions of people have been effectively grounded by COVID-19, tens of millions of others have been displaced in their own countries.”

The report added about 281 million international migrants worldwide from its latest full count in 2020, which is just 3.6% of the global population. This was up from 272 million in 2019. Last year about 60% of those migrants were migrant workers, it said.

International remittances – those sent back home – declined to $702 billion in 2020 from $719 billion a year ago. The IOM said about 3,900 people died last year, down from 5,400 in 2019.

The report highlighted “major migration and displacement events”, including conflicts in places such as Syria, Yemen, Congo, the Central African Republic and South Sudan, as well as political and economic instability such as Venezuela and Afghanistan in this period. It also cited climate and meteorological displacement in places such as China, the Philippines, Bangladesh, India, Haiti and the United States over the past two years.


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