The United Nations has warned that artificial intelligence (AI) systems could pose a “negative, even devastating” threat to human rights and called for restricting AI applications that are not used in compliance with human rights. are done.
UN human rights chief Michelle Bachelet on 15 September urged member states to impose a temporary ban on the sale and use of AI until the potential risks from it are addressed and adequate safeguards are in place to ensure that Do not misuse technology.
“We cannot continue to play catch-up about AI – allowing its use with limited or no limits or oversight and dealing with almost inevitable human rights consequences,” Bachelet said in a statement.
“The power of AI to serve people is undeniable, but the potential of AI to feed human rights violations on a large scale with almost no visibility. To put a human rights railing on the use of AI for the betterment of all of us Action is required now,” said the human rights chief.
His remarks came soon after his office published a report that analyzes how AI affects people’s right to privacy, as well as other rights regarding health, education, freedom of movement and freedom of expression. is a series of.
The document includes evaluation of profiling, automated decision-making, and other machine-learning techniques.
While the report states that AI can be put to good use, and “help societies overcome some of the greatest challenges of our times”, its use as a forecasting and profiling tool “could be used to protect privacy”. the right to a fair trial”. Freedom from arbitrary arrest and detention and the right to life.”
According to the report, many states and businesses often fail to do due diligence while rushing to incorporate AI applications, and in some cases, this results in dangerous mistakes, with some allegedly mistreated And even getting arrested because of faulty facial recognition software. .
Meanwhile, facial recognition has the potential to allow unlimited tracking of individuals, leading to a range of issues surrounding discrimination and data security.
Since many AI systems rely on large data sets, issues surrounding how this data is stored over a long period of time also pose a risk, and the potential for future exploitation of such data could be critical to national security. Can post risk.
“The complexity of the data environment, algorithms and models underlying the development and operation of AI systems, as well as the deliberate privacy of government and private actors, are factors that undermine meaningful ways for the public to understand the impacts of AI systems on human rights and society.” are,” the report said.
Tim Engelhardt, a human rights official at the Rule of Law and Democracy, warned that the situation is “grave” and has only gotten worse over the years as some countries and businesses adopt AI applications, failing to research the many potential risks. associated with technology.
While he welcomes the EU agreement to “strengthen the rules on controls”, he said the myriad of issues surrounding AI will not be resolved next year and that first steps need to be taken to address these issues. Is. or “Too many people in the world will pay a high price.”
“The greater the risk to human rights, the stricter the legal requirements for the use of AI technology,” Bachelet said.
The report and Bachelet’s comments come after the July revelations that spyware, known as Pegasus, was used to hack the smartphones of thousands of people around the world, including journalists, government officials and human rights activists.
French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire’s phone was one of several being investigated among hacks via spyware, which was developed by the Israeli company NSO Group.
NSO Group issued a statement to multiple outlets that did not address the allegations, but said the company “will continue to provide intelligence and law enforcement agencies around the world with life-saving technologies to fight terror and crime.”
Speaking at a Council of Europe hearing on the implications stemming from the Pegasus spyware controversy, Bachelet said the revelation came as no surprise, given the “unprecedented level of surveillance around the world by state and private actors”.
This News Originally From – The Epoch Times