The National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) has warned that it has been observed in several countries in recent weeks, Mexico included, a Significant increase in sexually transmitted infections (STDs)Which can lead to unwanted pregnancies and sequelae that can last a lifetime.
Guadalupe Soto Estrada, an expert in applied epidemiology at UNAM, pointed out that although there was a Steady rise in all sexually transmitted diseases in country, imprisonment decreased The number of cases is significant because some people were not diagnosed in time.
As soon as the lockdown ends in 2021Slowly, the number started increasing. while by 2022 There was a significant increase in some sexually transmitted diseases.
However, the trend, Soto Estrada says, is for cases to rise, as when people leave prison they resume activities, including risky sex.
“en general, sexually transmitted infections They are a red light. We know there is significant under-reporting of HIV, but we are projecting that cases will rise next year. I believe that 2023 will be the moment of opportunity, but also the moment of greatest risk”, the academic indicated.
He also highlighted that, according to an article published in England (Can sexually transmitted diseases cause mental illness?), Increase sexually transmitted infection pThis may be related to the mental health problems we have, as there is more restlessness, anxiety and more loneliness, which tend to increase risky behaviour.
How much increase in std till 2022?
According to data from the Bulletin of the Directorate General of Epidemiology, 9,045 cases were reported in week 47 of 2021. cases of gonorrheaWhile this week but in 2022, 10 thousand cases were reported.
same happened with acquired syphilisOf which 9,515 were cases, and more than 14,000 were recorded in 2022.
in the matter of HerpesThere were 6,609 cases in 2021, but just over eight thousand in 2022, while in the case of vulvovaginitisWhich affects young women more, there were 426 thousand 009 cases in 2021, but increased to 458 thousand in 2022.
Talking about HIV cases, 12,472 were recorded in 2021 and by 2022 this figure was close to 15,000.
sexually transmitted disease surveillance
in present, sexually transmitted diseases Those placed under surveillance:
- lymphogranuloma venereum
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Young adults most affected by sexually transmitted diseases
In Mexico, the The increase in STDs mainly affects the adolescent and young adult groups, Those aged between 18 and 45, a broad age range in which people are in the reproductive and sexually active stages, indicated the UNAM academic.
Adolescent girls are the second most important group as they are not only at risk of infection but also at risk of unwanted pregnancy, especially those under 18 years of age, who have no knowledge or access to medical services during this period.
The expert also stressed that specific risk groups should not be lost sight of, for example, Sex workers and people who have relationships with multiple partners Plus, academics point out.