Thursday, August 11, 2022

United Kingdom, France, Italy or Morocco take measures against drought

Nearly half of the European Union is at risk of drought. And, in the case of Spain, the amount of water stored in reservoirs is 38% less than the average for the past 10 years. This was stated a few days ago in a July report from the European Drought Observatory which analyzes the development and impact of prolonged droughts in Europe.

in a more common situation Iberian Peninsula, Italy and other southern countries that recent weeks of heat waves and a lack of generalized rainfall are worrying other states accustomed to water shortages such as Switzerland, France or the United Kingdom that are facing one of their worst droughts . a Rapid and widespread extreme events due to climate change And it is worrying in Morocco as well.

France suffers worst drought since 1958

Much of France is affected by a major drought, the worst since 1958Persistent heat waves and prolonged absence of rainfallWhich has forced the implementation of water restrictions in large areas of the country.

Parisians bathe in the Trocadero fountain to beat the heat.

French Meteorological Service does not show good prospects between now and early August: approx. Except for the Pyrenees and the Alps, no rain is expected for the next two weeks.

In particular, the French authorities have imposed Water restrictions in 90 departments of the country under drought alert Which has particularly affected areas in the west of the country, such as the Pays de la Loire or Poitou-Charentes, as well as in the east, in the case of Isre.

The highest level of alert, of distress, affects 11 departments; 40 are in the second most critical condition, which is highly alert; 39 on alert; And three are under observation. In the 90 departments on alert, there is some kind of restriction on domestic, urban, agricultural or industrial consumption.

The flow of the Loire has decreased to 129 cubic meters per second on July 20compared to 475 at the beginning of the month, and the Loire-Atlantic region is On “Drinking Water Alert” from July 20. The Eaux et Rivières de Bretagne association calls for even stricter restrictions, calling for “a serious effort to reduce consumption”.

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The situation in Franchi-Comte in the north-east of the country is dire, even Many towns in the Dobbs area no longer have drinking water and must be supplied by tanker trucks, Depends on the province.

The Vaucluse department in the southeast of the country has banned entry to all its forest areas this Tuesday. high fire riskAnd forest areas in other departments such as Bouches-du-Rhône, Var and Haute-Corse have also been cordoned off.

City councils call on citizens to adopt preventive behavior So that there is no danger of fire, but alert can also be given in case of fire.

Morocco approves urgent measures to reduce water scarcity

Moroccan government approved the package Immediate measures to deal with the scarcity of water resources in the country in the event of drought In recent years to guarantee a continuous supply of suffering and drinking water, such as watering the main cities from more distant reservoirs and prospecting for wells.

In the weekly press conference after the Governing Council, the government’s ministerial spokesman Mustafa Baitas said that Status is “Not Normal” And added that the executive is continuously monitoring the country’s water situation, which it attaches to “maximum importance”.

“The government has implemented several measures to prevent tampering and breakage of drinking water,” the minister said, adding that it is now the priority of the executive. Ensuring the supply of drinking water to the citizens.

Water supply in cities among immediate measures Where there is a lack of hunting recourse from other areas, This is the case of Casablanca (the economic capital of Morocco), whose water supply will be guaranteed by the Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdala Reservoir, which is in the Rabat region.

The Massira and Moulay Yusuf reservoirs will also be used to support the supply of drinking water to Marrakech, the tourism capital in the country.

among other measures Exploratory wells to be dug Especially in the eastern cities of Ojda and Gursif where there is acute water shortage, said the minister, who said the interior ministry has sent a circular to the wallis (governors) of different regions of the country. Guaranteed rational use of water in various activities.

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In the medium term, Baitas indicated that the government is in the process of construction of several desalination units in the country, And pointed out that some are in the exploratory stage (such as the one in L’Aien) and the other in Sidi Ifni which will be operational in a year.

According to government data, the rainfall in the country since September was 11.5 and 325 mm, ie. 50% reduction at the national level. Meanwhile, the filling rate of various dams in the country stood at 30.2% till July 6, as against 46% in the same period last year.

The Al Masira Dam, the second largest dam in the country, holds 5% of its capacity, As recently warned by the Directorate of Water.

England’s driest month since 1911

United Kingdom, France, Italy or Morocco take measures against drought
Britain is facing its worst drought since 1958. NASA PHOTO

Most of England has seen one of the driest months since 1911, as Only 24% of the expected rain fell. If this very dry season continues, it would mean there would be a higher risk of drought, so citizens could be asked to contribute by reducing water consumption. The last drought was declared in the country in 2018.

The British Environment Agency (EA) convened this week National Drought Group (NDG), Which brings together officials from the Department of the Environment (DEFRA), water companies, the Met Office and the National Farmers Union (NFU) to compile appropriate measures. Reduce the damage caused, but if more measures are needed, water companies will install more prohibitions, such as the use of hoses.

These measures to reduce the risk of drought include: Water transport schemes that allow artificially maintaining the flow of the river. Another of these is water reoxygenation And when the river flows, there is little defense of the fish.

Harvey Bradshaw, EA’s executive director for the environment, stated that they “Working closely with water companies and farmers to manage this situation, “We can all contribute our grain of sand by reducing unnecessary water consumption. We should follow our company’s advice when our rivers are really low,” Bradshaw said.

Nation World News Desk
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