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Wednesday, November 30, 2022

United States: detention of Venezuelan migrants at the border increased

SAN DIEGO ( Associated Press) – The number of Venezuelans caught on the US southern border rose in August, while migrants from Mexico and some Central American countries were caught less frequently, US officials said Monday.

Venezuela has overtaken Guatemala and Honduras to become the second largest nationality among immigrants crossing the border illegally into the United States. Mexico ranks first in statistics. Federal authorities made 25,349 arrests of Venezuelan citizens in August, a 43% increase from 17,652 in July and four times the 6,301 arrests in August 2021.

At the same time, for the third month in a row, migrants from Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras, which have been leading fears for decades, had fewer fears.

Overall, authorities made 203,598 migrant arrests in August, which is 1.8% higher than 199,976 arrests in July, but 4.7% lower than 213,593 in August 2021.

According to United States Customs and Border Protection (CBP) data, immigration from Cuba and Nicaragua remained high. There were 19,057 arrests of Cubans during August, compared to 20,096 in July and 4,496 in August 2021. Similarly, Nicaragua recorded 11,742 arrests in August, compared with 12,075 in July and 9,979 in August 2021.

Although it is not possible to identify a single cause for the sudden change in migration flow, it is extremely complicated for the United States to evacuate migrants from Venezuela, Nicaragua and Cuba due to a pandemic-era rule called Title 42, which officials have called the Americans. Called for the rejection of asylum applications on the grounds of preventing the spread of COVID-19.

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US relations with these countries are deeply strained, making it difficult or impossible to bring back migrants.

“The failure of communist regimes in Venezuela, Nicaragua and Cuba is fueling a new wave of migration in the Western Hemisphere, including a recent increase in encounters along the southwestern border of the United States,” said CBP commissioner Chris Magnus.

Mexico accepts expelled migrants under Title 42 if they are from Guatemala, Honduras or El Salvador other than Mexico. Although in principle the pandemic standard applies to all nationalities, people from these four countries are most affected.

President Joe Biden’s administration has leaned on other countries on the continent to take in more people fleeing their homes, including Mexico, Costa Rica – which is home to many Nicaraguas – and Colombia.

Some 6.8 million Venezuelans have left their country since the economic crisis deepened in early 2014. Most of them have moved to Latin American and Caribbean countries, including over 2.4 million in neighboring Colombia.

Venezuelan migration to the United States declined earlier this year after Mexico banned air travel, but has increased in recent months as more of them arrive by land.

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About 7 out of 10 suspected Venezuelans crossing the US border illegally during August occurred in the Border Patrol sector of Del Rio, Texas, which is the busiest of the agency’s nine sectors along the Mexican border. There were more than 52,000 arrests in the Del Rio sector, many of them in the immediate vicinity of the city of Eagle Pass, while El Paso was second with some 29,000 arrests.

The trend of exodus of Venezuelans is visible in newspaper headlines. About 50 migrants transferred to Florida Governor Ron DeSantis’s spectacular island of Martha’s Vineyard in Massachusetts were all Venezuelans, as US officials found five of the six drowned in the Rio Grande – known as the Rio Grande Is known. United States—Near Eagle Pass on Labor Day Weekend. The sixth was from Nicaragua.

The Title 42 measure encourages repeated attempts because there are no legal consequences to be withheld. In August, 157,921 migrants crossed the border on at least one occasion, of whom 55,333 came from Venezuela, Cuba and Nicaragua, and 56,979 from Mexico or countries in the Northern Triangle of Central America.

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This dispatch has been updated to reflect that US government figures show that fewer Cubans and Nicaraguans were detained in August than in July, but migration from those countries is still much higher than last year. .

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