Sunday, January 16, 2022

US Census 2020: Minnesota grows more diverse, white population declines

According to the latest data from the 2020 U.S. Census, Minnesota continues to grow as racially diverse with residents of color now making up about 24 percent of the state’s population.

The state’s white, non-Hispanic, population declined by more than 51,000 people between 2010 and 2020. Whites now make up 76 percent of the state’s total residents, down from 83 percent 10 years ago, census data showed.

Blacks are the second largest racial group in Minnesota. The black population increased by more than 123,000 residents since 2010 and now accounts for about 7 percent of all Minnesotans.

Minnesota’s Hispanic, Asian, American Indian and multiracial populations have also grown over the past decade.

Ramsey County is the second most diverse state in the state after Mahnomen County with a large Native American population. In 2020, 42 percent of Ramsey County residents were people of color, up from 33 percent a decade ago.

Asians are the second largest population group in Ramsay County after whites. Asian residents now make up about 16 percent of Ramsey County’s residents and the county’s third largest racial group is blacks who make up about 13 percent of the population.

While Minnesota continues to grow more diverse, it lags far behind the country in the percentage of the population made up of residents of color. The census ranks Minnesota 38 on its diversity index, a measure of whether two people chosen at random will be from different racial or ethnic groups.

Nationwide, people of color make up more than 42 percent of the population. Hispanics are the largest racial or ethnic group, accounting for about 19 percent of US residents, with blacks making up 12 percent of the country’s population.

Minnesota added just over 402,000 residents overall over the past decade, a growth rate of about 7.6 percent.

While Hennepin County remains the largest in the state, the fastest growing county was outside the Twin Cities core metro area. Carver County grew rapidly at 17 percent, followed by Scott, Wright, Olmsted and Washington counties.

Ramsey County is ranked 12th overall with a growth rate of 8.6 percent.

There were 36 Minnesota counties that lost residents, all outside the larger metro area. This trend is reflected across the country, with most small rural counties losing residents and cities gaining them.

The data released on Thursday is the second set of data on the 2020 residents count. The latest decade happened during the coronavirus pandemic and many have questioned whether the data would be completely reliable.

Ron Germain, acting director of the US Census Bureau, said at a news conference on Thursday that he was confident the calculations were complete and accurate.

More data on the size and composition of the country’s population is due to be released in September.

This story is developing and will be updated.

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