The United States House of Representatives on Friday approved a landmark agreementAlthough less, between Democrats and Republicans to strengthen gun control After the latest mass shooting in this country.
The agreement, which was also approved by the Senate on Thursday night, requires only President Joe Biden’s signature to become law.
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The Senate approved the initiative on Thursday night that Attempts to prevent gun violence with preventive measures and billions of dollars in provision for mental health and school safety.
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The lower house, for its part, approved the measure with 234 votes in favor – all Democrats and 14 Republicans – 193 against, and it did so just a month after the massacre in Uvalde (Texas), where a young man broke into primary school and killed 19 children and two teachers with a semi-automatic rifle.
The green light from both houses, in which a slim Democrat majority won the support of some Republicans, was a boost for gun control activists, hours after being dismayed by a Supreme Court decision that established the right to carry firearms in public.
That decision overturned a century-old New York law that required anyone outside a home to be allowed to carry a firearm to prove they needed it.
Bipartisanship and ‘common sense’
And while the bill falls short of demands from gun opponents and President Joe Biden, it is seen as progress after nearly 30 years of unsuccessful attempts in Congress.
Due to this, children in schools and communities will be safe.
“This bipartisan law will help protect Americans,” Biden said in a statement shortly after the Senate vote.
The legislation, backed by all 50 Democratic and 15 Republican senators, includes better background checks for shoppers under the age of 21, $11 billion for mental health, and $2 billion for school safety programs.
It allocates money to encourage states to enact “alert” laws to remove firearms from people threatening them.
It also closes the so-called “boyfriend” hole, allowing domestic abusers to evade restrictions on the purchase of firearms by not marrying or living with their victim.
“The United States Senate is doing something tonight that many thought impossible until a few weeks ago: We’re passing the first significant gun safety bill in nearly 30 years,” said Senate Democratic Majority Leader Chuck Schumer.
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“The gun safety bill we’re passing tonight can be described by three adjectives: bipartisan, common sense, lifesaving,” he said.
Republican Senator Mitch McConnell said the legislation would make America safer “without making our country any less free.”
,This is a trivia package, Their layouts are very, very popular. This includes zero new restrictions, zero new waiting periods, zero mandates and zero restrictions of any kind for law-abiding gun owners.”
The powerful National Rifle Association and many Republicans in both houses of Congress oppose it, but the initiative is supported by working groups on policing, domestic violence and mental illness.
The text is the work of a group of Democratic and Republican senators who spent weeks organizing details and settling disputes.
Lawmakers called for talks to end quickly to build on the momentum created by the killing of 19 children in Uvalde, Texas, and 10 black people at a Buffalo supermarket.Upstate New York, both last month.
It is a “historic day” celebrated by Senator Chris Murphy, who led talks for the Democrats. “This will become the most important law against gun violence that Congress has passed in three decades,” he said on the Senate floor.
“It also provides an opportunity for the overwhelmed American people to show that democracy is not so broken,” he said.
The last major federal gun control law was passed in 1994 to create a national background check system and ban civilian manufacture of assault rifles and high-capacity ammunition magazines.
But that law expired a decade later, and there has been no serious movement for reform since then, despite an increase in gun violence.
Biden had pushed for more ambitious initiatives, such as reinstating a ban on assault rifles—which were used in shootings in Texas and New York—and high-capacity magazines.
But legislating in a Senate divided between 50 Democrats and as many Republicans is a political challenge, as most bills require 60 votes to pass.
*With information from AFP
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