American scientists David Julius and Ardame Patapoutian won the Nobel Medicine Prize on Monday for discoveries on the receptors of temperature and touch, the jury said.
The Nobel jury said, “The unprecedented discoveries of this year’s Nobel Prize winners have allowed us to understand how heat, cold and mechanical forces can initiate the nerve impulses that allow us to perceive and adapt to the world.” “
“In our daily lives we take these sensations lightly, but how are nerve impulses initiated to sense temperature and pressure? This question has been resolved by this year’s Nobel Prize winners.”
Professor Julius at the University of California in San Francisco and Professor Petaputian of Scripps Research in California will share a Nobel Prize check for 10 million Swedish kronor ($1.1 million, one million euros).
Last year, the award was given to three virologists for their discovery of the hepatitis C virus.
While the 2020 award was given in the wake of the pandemic, this is the first time the entire selection process has taken place under the shadow of COVID-19.
Enrollments close at the end of January each year, and at that time last year the novel coronavirus was still largely confined to China.
The Nobel season continues with the prize of physics on Tuesday and chemistry on Wednesday, followed by the much-anticipated prize for literature on Thursday and the Peace Prize on Friday before the prize for Peace will be held on Monday, October 11.