US life expectancy to drop significantly in 2020 compared to peer countries

US life expectancy to drop significantly in 2020 compared to peer countries

According to the new findings, Americans’ overall life expectancy dropped by almost 2 years from 2019 to 2020 – a rate more than 3 times worse than the average reduction seen in 21 peer countries at that time.

In a new analysis of nationally representative mortality data during the COVID-19 pandemic, a team of investigators reported that the US fared significantly worse than peer countries in terms of increased mortality in 2020, including minorities. The population is most affected by life expectancy. The findings highlight the relevant health and economic losses that pandemics cause to the diverse US population.

Steven H., of the Center on Society and Health at Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine. Led by Woolf, MD, MPH, the investigators sought to calculate the change in life expectancy among Americans between 2019 and 2020 based on sex, race, and ethnicity. Compare such results to changes seen in similar high-income countries.

Life expectancy is a commonly misunderstood term, the investigators wrote: It refers to the length of time a group of people can expect to live—whether they’re at each age the prevailing age-specific death of that year. rate was experienced. Earlier it was observed that the first year of COVID-19 (2020) was associated with a large reduction in life expectancy in many countries including the US.

The investigators wrote, “Given that the US COVID-19 death rate and excess deaths were among the highest in the world, the decline in US life expectancy was likely to outweigh the decline in other countries, but there is no evidence to confirm this hypothesis.” The research is limited.” “The large reduction in life expectancy in the US compared to other countries will be significant as the country entered the pandemic with the lowest life expectancy among high-income countries, a deplorable situation it has been in for decades.”

Woolf and his colleagues conducted a cross-sectional modeling study by simulating life tables based on national death and population counts for the US and 21 other income countries, including Canada, England, France, Italy, New Zealand, Spain, and others. Life expectancy change was stratified by population gender for each country, and by race and ethnicity for the US.

American life expectancy decreased by an average of 1.87 years (reliable range [CR]1.70 – 2.03), from 78.86 years in 2019 to 76.99 years in 2020. The investigators observed a greater reduction in men (2.13 years; CR, 1.96 – 2.30) than in women (1.51; CR, 1.35 – 1.67).

The reduction was even more pronounced among the Hispanic population (3.70; CR, 3.53 – 3.87) and the non-Hispanic black population (3.22; CR, 3.03 – 3.40). The life expectancy for each population in 2020 was 71.54 and 78.16 years, respectively. The non-Hispanic white population experienced only a 1.38-year reduction in 2020 (CR, 1.21 – 1.54).

The average life expectancy change in the 21 observed peer countries from 2019 to 2020 was just 0.58 years (CR, 0.42 – 0.73). Average life expectancy between countries was 81.50 years in 2020 – 4.51 years higher than in the US.

“No peer country has experienced such a large reduction in life expectancy as seen in the US,” the investigators wrote.

The team concluded that the findings contribute to a declining trend in American life expectancy that extends to 2010, reflecting the burden of cause-specific deaths due to drug overdoses, cardiometabolic disease and other chronic diseases—each. Mainly grew between different castes and castes.

In contrast to the less-affected life expectancy rates among the 21 equivalent countries, the US is “poor in social and economic conditions”; health-promoting environments and infrastructure; social well-being; and access to health care and health insurance,” the investigators wrote.

“Given these systemic vulnerabilities, the US entered the COVID-19 pandemic in a fundamentally vulnerable position,” he wrote. “These worrying conditions, combined with factional public resistance to the mismanagement of federal, state and local pandemic responses and practices to prevent viral transmission, raised US death rates above these experienced by other countries.”

The study, “Change in life expectancy between 2019 and 2020 in the US and 21 peer countries,” was published online jama network open,