Very intense exercise can damage our arteries in the long run

moderate physical exerciseby age, and regular way This is one of the main medical recommendations. to help prevent disease risk of all kinds, and especially heart problems,

That doesn’t mean any exercise is going to be good. some can be certain negative impact which forces us to reconsider routine change facility more suitable. This is what many studies are showing, with respect to high intensity sports,

Intense exercise affects the heart

These recent studies suggest that very intense game In favor of the presence of diseases related to coronary arteries, That is, a problem with the tubes that carry blood to the heart Oxygen and nutrient needs to keep running. The most famous are angina pectoris and heart attack.

Intense sports such as marathons increase risk of coronary heart disease

There is not much conclusive data, so establishing a cause-effect relationship is not easy. ,However, it seems that the prevalence of these diseases is increased in people who they run marathons they practice it extreme sports or high intensity for many years”, warned Doctor Eduard Guash, cardiologist at Hospital Clinicfrom Barcelona.

It is not known for certain why, if exercise strengthens the heart, causes the opposite effect. Researchers led by Dr. Guash wanted to answer this question.

Intense sports, moderate or sedentary?

study assessed effects of intense exercise via lab rats. has been done in an animal model for precise control exercise intensity for a long time.

The rats were divided into three groups:

  • done before a moderate routineAn imitation of an active life.
  • The other was put on a treadmill periodically and for four months to do intense exercise, such as extreme athlete,

,As a guideline, it should be approx. will be equal to ten or twelve years of exercise in humans”, explains Dr. Guash.

  • The third was locked in cages, to simulate sedentary life,

After 16 weeks exerciseanalyzed how it was arteries, especially the aortathe main one that leaves the heart, and performs its endothelial function. inner eyelet This is the inner layer of the blood vessels. If you’re comfortable it will be blood circulation is smooth,

,Endothelial function a. Is Early marker of atherosclerosisor hardening of the arteries, major cause of heart attack of myocardium”, says the cardiologist.

How does it affect the arteries?

In than a sedentary lifestyleResearch found that high-intensity physical exercise:

  • spread and Increases hardness of arteries Aorta and carotid.
  • Increases and promotes cell rigidity rupture of blood vessel walls,

,However, these effects have not been observed in the case of moderate exercise.“Dr. Guash explains.”In contrast, both intense and moderate exercise improve endothelial function, although the processes of intense activity seem to alter the balance between dilation and narrowing of blood vessels,

Intense exercise causes a process such as aging of the arteries and can cancel out the benefits of moderate exercise.

,Intense exercise does not directly cause atherosclerosis, but is a separate process, such as: vascular aging, In addition, this type of activity can be Minimize the benefits of even moderate exercise”, concludes Guash.

the exercise that suits you

Are these changes irreversible? The study has limitations of being done on animals. However, the mechanisms involved in this arterial change remained unchanged after four weeks Has stopped doing physical activity.

So the conclusion is that, to the best of our ability, we all have to exerciseeither. You have to exercise to protect The most important muscle is the heart,

,Moderate exercise is to walk at least three times a week for three quarters of an hour.we recommend Dr Josep Brugada is also a Cardiologist at the clinic,

Any traditional sport is heart-healthy. , especially suitable for swimmingBecause it strengthens the muscles without forcing the joints excessively”, emphasizes Dr. Brugada.

opposite of this, Marathon”they almost become a drug in the end: Turn passion into setting new goals“Add.”we have entered a absurdity And we’re missing the answer to what goal of the game,


Get the best of Newspaper delivered to your inbox daily

Most Viewed

Related Stories