A large number of viruses have been associated with type 1 diabetes, such as Coxsackie B enterovirus, rotavirus, mumps or cytomegalovirus.
There is a chance that certain viruses play a role in causing damage to the pancreas, although the mechanisms are under study. Photo: shutterstock.
diabetes Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common, chronic metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia (high blood sugar).
the simplest difference between diabetes Mellitus type 1 and diabetes Type 2 is that the latter occurs when the patient has insulin resistance; while diabetes Type 1 is detected when there is insufficient insulin in the patient’s body.
There is evidence that environmental factors play an important role in its development. diabetes type 1 mellitus, w. virus,
However, these do not have any mechanism of their own origin that provides evidence to explain the environmental etiology of the disease. diabetes type 1.
on the other hand various virus and can contribute to the development of mechanisms diabetes in genetically predisposed individuals. At present, it has not been proved that only viral infection is the cause. diabetes,
the way a virus can affect the development of diabetes Type 1 mellitus is diverse and complex. It is believed that virus It can cause direct infection, damage, and inflammation in the βeta cells of the pancreas, which produce insulin.
Furthermore, a significant number of virus are associated with diabetes Type 1, such as Coxsackie B enterovirus, rotavirus, mumps or cytomegalovirus, is the former most commonly associated.
clear evidence of the role of viral infection in diabetes Type 1 appears in the condition congenital rubella syndrome, known in North America as German measles. This syndrome is caused by virus Rubella. If a pregnant woman is infected with German measles, the baby may develop congenital rubella syndrome.
If this happens, the baby may be born with various malformations in different systems of its body, including damage to the brain, heart, eyes and ears. moreover, virus Rubella can affect and damage the pancreas of the fetus.
Up to 40% of these affected children may go on to develop type 1 DM; although they are not born diabetes, they can develop it up to 20 years after birth. Interestingly, there is evidence of an increased risk when rubella affects after birth or when vaccinated against it. diabetes,
importance of vaccination
Another important aspect to highlight is the importance of routine vaccination of infants, children, adolescents and adults as a prevention against many diseases such as German measles.
The vaccine that protects against rubella also protects against mumps and common measles; Also known as MMR. This should be put in place between 12 and 15 months of age and reinforced between 4 and 6 years of age.
It is notable that studies are being conducted to show how exposure to certain viral infections may also protect the human immune system and not always cause harm.
In short, the role of some virus There is a possibility of damaging the pancreas. However, the study of the mechanism continues.