las Vitamins They are essential substances for our body. Of them all, K is the least known, but not the least important, as it fulfills one of the basic functions of our body. Most of these vitamins—A, C, D, E, K…—are provided by food.
Vitamin K This is the substance that our body needs to prevent the formation of clots and bleeding or bruising. Like other vitamins, they are obtained from the food we eat. However, the “good” bacteria that live in our bodies also produce this vitamin, albeit in smaller amounts. Babies are at highest risk of complications Due to the lack of this substance, since they are not fed with foods rich in this vitamin for four or six months.
This bleeding, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from the United States (CDC) “Vitamin K deficiency bleeding occurs when children cannot stop bleeding because their blood does not have enough vitamin K to clot.” along with Bleeding can occur anywhere in the body, that is, it can be internal, affecting mainly the intestines and brain, as well as external. Therefore, it is very important that babies get a dose of this vitamin at birth.
“Babies who do not receive vitamin K injections at birth can develop vitamin K deficiency bleeding at any time up to six months of age. There are Bleeding from three types of vitamin K deficiencyDepending on the age of the child when these problems begin: early, classic and late,” say CDC experts.
These types of bleeding and their main characteristics are given below.
Bleeding due to vitamin K deficiency, as published by the CDC early and classic They are more common, occurring in 1 in 60 to 250 newborns, although the risk for early vitamin K deficiency bleeding is much higher in babies whose mothers used certain medications during pregnancy. On the other hand, bleeding from late-stage vitamin K deficiency is rare, occurring in 14,000 to 25,000 babies.
Also, babies who are not injected with vitamin K at birth have 81 times more likely to bleed Because of late vitamin K deficiency compared to those who received it at birth.
Why does this happen
At birth, babies have very little vitamin K, because what they get through the mother’s placenta is in very small amounts, which is insufficient to prevent these problems. In fact, the “good” bacteria that are responsible for producing this substance spontaneously are not present in the baby’s intestine,
Although at first glance it seems that nothing can be done to stop it, but it is not so. Some Vitamin K are Injections Which are implanted in the thigh muscles of newborn babies. This will save the baby from any kind of minor or severe bleeding. However, it should be noted that this completely safe injection must be given within the first six hours of life.
In most cases, parents are not able to tell when a vitamin K deficiency occurs because there are no warning signs. Even then, symptoms in children When they bleed according to the CDC they are: bruises (on the head and face); bleeding from the nose or umbilical cord; Paleness of the skin, in the case of babies with darker skin, the gums may appear yellow.
After the first three weeks of life, the whites of a baby’s eyes may turn yellow. they can be the same feces containing blood, are black or black and sticky (also called “tarry stools”), or vomit blood. Irritability, seizures, excessive sleepiness or excessive vomiting can be symptoms of bleeding in the brain