Beirut ( Associated Press) – A search for journalist Amat Matar for his younger brother has changed his life and he has decided to investigate and record crimes committed by the Syrian Islamic State.
His brother, Mohammed Nur Matar, disappeared while reporting on a 2013 bombing in the northern Syrian city of Raqqa. The burnt camera was found at the scene of the blast, and his family heard that he was in an IS prison. But since then no other sign has been seen.
Mohammed Nur is one of thousands of people believed to be under the control of the Islamic State, a group that has been wreaking havoc on the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) for years by invading large swathes of Syria and Iraq.
Three years after the defeat of the empire, thousands are still missing and the perpetrators are still being held accountable. When bereaved families struggle to cope with the loss of a loved one, they often feel abandoned in the future.
“These violations can be crimes against humanity, war crimes and even genocide,” said the Washington-based Syrian Center for Justice and Accountability. “These families have a right to know the truth about the fate of their relatives.”
When the Islamic State group ruled most of northern and eastern Syria between 2013 and 2017, the militant group said thousands of people had disappeared and their families were living in grief and uncertainty.
In a report titled “Unearthing Hope ፡ Search for ISIS Missions,” SJAC said IS had exhumed dozens of mass graves in northeastern Syria and exhumed buildings destroyed by US airstrikes. He eventually led the coalition in dismantling ISIS during his military campaign.
This could be as much as half the number of missing people in the Northeast, according to the group, although estimates vary.
Mohammed Nur Matar was a civilian journalist during the Syrian civil war, and often recorded the clashes on camera. A.D. August 13, 2013 – A bomb blast near the office of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in Raqqa disappears. He was 21 years old at the time and was making a documentary about Raqqa and her residents against IS.
Four months later, Raqqa became the first capital of Syria to fall under IS control. In June 2014, when the extremists declared a caliphate, the city became their capital. The group fearlessly bought Makar, their hometown of MatrHe set up several prisons in different parts of the city, insulted protesters, and even beheaded victims in Naim Square – Arabic “Paradise”.
In the report, SJAC first documented an extensive network of prisons for the disappearance of IS. Various branches of the ISIS security forces used the 152 police stations, training camps, and secret detention facilities to abduct civilians and members of rival factions, sometimes tactically before executing or executing them.
Listed 33 reservations in remote town alone.
SJAC said the suspects, who had the necessary evidence to identify the bodies, were being held in prisons. US-backed Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces “lack justice”. He says other former IS members will live in their home country after the group’s defeat.
“A lasting defeat for IS cannot be achieved without justice for the victims of the organization, including the lost,” he said.
Amir Matar, who now lives in Berlin with his parents and siblings, said he once told them that Mohammed Nur was in a prison in the city. Some former prisoners who saw him provided personal information that only his family knew.
But since 2014, the family has not had any proof of life.
Amir Matar has traveled to Syria several times in recent years to find out about his brother, and even went to the grave when his body was exhumed.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has begun collecting DNA samples from missing families, but says it is moving slowly.
Journalist Matar also began collecting thousands of IS documents and 3D photographs of IS detention centers a few years ago. He is now working with activists from Syria, Iraq, Germany, France, Japan and the United States to set up a museum on extremism.
He said the purpose was to provide information on the whereabouts of missing families, friends, relatives, detainees, documents, and mass graves. There, in Syria or Iraq.
Asked if his family had any hope, Matar said: “The most difficult question is about hope. Sometimes I get discouraged because there is no hope. ”
Asked if he had found any evidence of Muhammad Nur in his research, Matar said, “My mother asks me this question every month or every week. My answer is sadly, ‘We did not find anything.’