It’s over 28 cases of malaria and the goal is to prevent the disease from establishing itself in the state, because until now they were imported. Because of this, this Monday a committee to prevent its reintroduction to the entity.
They are caused by parasites Plasmodium vivaxtransmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito, in patients of Venezuelan origin, causes symptoms such as fever, malaise and chills. The condition can be fatal if not treated in time, as it affects the liver and red blood cells.
In these cases attributed to the growth of the migratory phenomenon, the Epidemiological Bulletin of the State Health Secretariat shows a gathering of 25 male and 3 female patients; addition of Matamoros 26 records and San Fernando two, until week 33 of this year.
The state now occupies the second place in the national statistics of imported cases reported the federal Ministry of Health, which also points out, a year ago there were only four detections and this is number 13 in the table.
From the information for 2023, it is observed that the most affected entity is Chiapas with 56 records; In third place are Oaxaca and Nuevo León with 24 each, followed by Mexico City with 8 and Veracruz 5.
Then eight more states appeared to have between one and four patients, for a total of 159 imported diagnoses in the national territory. Regarding the indigenous cases, there are 30 and they are distributed in the cities of Chiapas, Tabasco, Oaxaca and Campeche.
The Malaria Epidemiological Surveillance Report highlights that in our country, in the last six years, there is a trend towards decrease in autochthonous cases “However, since 2022, an increase in the registration of imported cases has been identified, particularly favored by the increase in the flow of migration.”
Species are identified by entity P. VivaxCAUSE 96% of cases in the country detailed the Ministry of Health, which applies a manual of standardized methods and a comprehensive approach to the condition.
Federal Health recommends the strengthening of passive surveillance in first and second level care units in all sectors, with the aim of timely identification, to intervene e maim local transmission of malaria.
In response to this, when new imported cases of malaria were registered in the territory of Tamaulipas, the government of Tamaulipas installed the State Committee for the Prevention of the Reintroduction of Malaria in the state.
Representing the Secretary of Health, Vicente Joel Hernández Navarro, the Undersecretary of Public Health, José Luis Garza Ruiz, protested the members of the committee committed to strengthening actions and duplicate efforts to eradicate and prevent this vector-borne disease.
The official said that the federal Ministry of Health, through the National Center for Preventive Programs and Disease Control (Cenaprece), called on the states of the central-northern zone to, through the Vector Control Program, strengthen actions entomological surveillance of the vector. , the use of larvicides, spraying houses in possible cases of the disease and misting to eliminate and prevent this disease.
For his part, the head of the Department of Prevention and Control of Vector-Transmitted Diseases, Rigoberto Carlos Almanza Ríos, mentioned that in 1983 the last local case of malaria was recorded in the municipality of Xicoténcatl and since that date, Constant active and passive epidemiological surveillance is continued through the Network of Health Units with special attention to migrants.
The installation meeting was attended by the Undersecretary of Medical Care, Eduardo Martínez Bermea; the director of Epidemiology, Sergio Eduardo Uriegas Camargo; the deputy director of the Healthy Education Program, Ricardo Hernández Brusolo; the director of the State Public Health Laboratory, Norma Alicia Villarreal Reyes, as well as representatives of DIF, IMSS, ISSSTE, UAT, and other agencies.