“I bet he thinks I’m boring”, “I’m going to fail with this project”, “I’m the loser in my group of friends”, “If no one loves me It’s because I don’t deserve “it”. Probably some of the most frequent phrases that cause cognitive distortions to pop into many people’s minds as they’re contemplating. This is a result of some sort of cognitive distortion, especially Since we knew them as: mind reading, destructive, false comparison and emotional reasoning. And you have to exorcise them as soon as possible.
Cognitive distortions are especially common in people who are experiencing depressive states or anxiety disorders. And the power of its negative impact can be enormous. For this reason, it will be essential to be aware of their existence and know how to recognize them in order to drive more realistic and optimistic outlooks.
What are cognitive distortions?
Cognitive distortions occur when a person incorrectly processes information about what is happening around them, which translates into a series of consequences that are negative and harmful to said person. Eventually, their vision of reality changes. Although they occur with greater frequency and intensity in people with a weakened mental state, anyone can suffer from them in their day to day.
This is how cognitive distortions work
The functioning of cognitive distortions is based on misinterpretation of the environment, both real and imaginary facts, actions and interactions. And they are always conditioned by an obviously emotional and irrational point of view. Fortunately, this type of thinking can be modified through adaptive and realistic behavior. But in order to do this, it is necessary to know how to identify these distortions.
Most frequent type of cognitive distortions
read minds. This happens when what the other person is thinking is always taken in a negative way, even when there is no proof or evidence for it.
Offensive. A deeply negative and fatalistic view of what will happen or how certain events will unfold.
All-or-nothing thinking. When a person’s way of reasoning is extreme, that is, there are only two completely distant possibilities. Not being the best at a particular activity is all too often related to having mediocre qualities or abilities.
false comparison. Behind this type of cognitive distortion is a sense of inferiority and low self-esteem, which interprets the relationship between the two events with a negative view of the self.
emotional reasoning. The idea of considering a feeling as a real fact for the mere fact of existence. For example, “If I think I’m a loser, I am.” A clear example of how reality is interpreted in a polarized and completely illogical way.